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www.reference.com/article/philosophy-legalism-mean-china-fa59d85f05b78fe2

According to legalist philosophers, individuals were considered to be selfishly motivated by envy of the riches and fame of others, and cannot be expected to behave morally on their own. With this view of human nature in mind, legalist thinkers claimed that social harmony could only be achieved by t

www.reference.com/article/definition-philosophy-75ed186ac5310fe4

Philosophy is defined as "the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics," or "a belief system accepted as authoritative by some group or school," according to Vocabulary.com.

www.reference.com/world-view/important-symbol-chinese-legalism-bdfbcbc06c4bcab

The most important symbol of Chinese legalism is the Great Wall of China. Built during the third century by the Ch'in emperor known as First August Supreme Ruler or Shish Huang-ti, the wall represented the rule of law, according to the International World History Project.

www.reference.com/article/can-chinese-movies-downloaded-legally-5418059eecb2c43

To avoid copyright infringement, consumers can download Chinese movies legally only from authorized Internet services that make them available for purchase, reports the U.S. Copyright Office. This applies to movies made in China, as China is a member of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Lit

www.reference.com/business-finance/marketing-philosophy-8c409d73e7148823

A marketing philosophy is a foundational idea that becomes a part of all of the work that a marketing department accomplishes for a company or organization. In general terms, most marketing philosophies center around finding new customers to view their products and services, so a marketing departmen

www.reference.com/article/social-philosophy-50372d0410cae62e

Social philosophy is a branch of philosophical inquiry that explores issues of social organization, behavior, institutions and viewpoints. It commonly addresses such topics as the notion of individualism and how people behave in group environments. Social philosophy also regularly sees extensive ove

www.reference.com/world-view/research-philosophy-f069367ad079dd1f

Research philosophy is the development of logical reasoning that incorporates contemporary ideas with previously established methods of thought through structural phases. The schools of positivism and post-positivism are relevant to modern research philosophy, the former based upon techniques of obj

www.reference.com/article/history-philosophy-23a8aa8653712446

Western philosophy began in Ancient Greece, dealing with the basic nature of the world, known as ontology; the discussion of whether it's possible to know any fact for certain, called epistemology; and the basis for moral judgment, or ethics. These subjects are still studied in academic courses on p

www.reference.com/business-finance/management-philosophy-98e48df1c9df1850

Management philosophy is the philosophy adopted by a company's executives outlining how they believe a business should be directed, particularly with regard to the treatment of fellow workers and employees. As such, management philosophy is less concerned with the day-to-day mechanics of running a b

www.reference.com/article/basic-philosophies-education-b15200066f17cc89

Some widely recognized basic philosophies of education include essentialism, perennialism, progressivism and reconstructivism. Each of these philosophies center on what should be taught to students. Some less-often discussed theories include realism, idealism and existentialism.