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www.reference.com/article/causes-hypertension-fbc56722e7f5f4e7

WebMD lists the causes of hypertension as smoking, lack of physical activity, alcoholism, excessive salt in the diet, being overweight, stress, old age, genetics, adrenal and thyroid disorders and chronic kidney disease. Causes of essential hypertension are unknown, while those of secondary hyperten

www.reference.com/article/effects-hypertension-8e63cfb97f3d11eb

Effects of hypertension, or high blood pressure, include narrowing and damaging of arteries, stroke, heart failure and dementia, which is a brain disease characterized by problems in reasoning, speaking or movement, states Mayo Clinic. This condition can also cause sexual dysfunction and also affect

www.reference.com/article/symptoms-hypertension-f29b1b90b965eb8e

Most of the patients who suffer from mild to moderate hypertension experience little to no symptoms, according to WebMD. Patients with severe high blood pressure may experience headaches, fatigue, vision problems, chest pain, irregular heartbeat and blood in the urine.

www.reference.com/article/treat-hypertension-8edbf744399a4b9b

Common ways of treating hypertension include eating healthily, quitting smoking tobacco and drinking alcohol, losing weight and exercising, according to WebMD. Reducing sodium intake, avoiding stress and cutting back on caffeine are other common ways, notes Mayo Clinic.

www.reference.com/article/essential-hypertension-131842aa6ccf3b94

Essential hypertension, which is also called primary hypertension, is high blood pressure in which the exact cause is unknown, as explained by Mayo Clinic. Essential hypertension can develop slowly over time. In the United States, approximately 95 percent of all high blood pressure cases have uniden

www.reference.com/article/signs-symptoms-hypertension-9261023745ea5891

Signs and symptoms of hypertension include high blood pressure readings and, in extreme cases, irregular heartbeats, headache, chest pain, shortness of breath, vision problems, blood in the urine, confusion and pounding in the neck, ears or chest, notes WebMD. Most people with hypertension don't exp

www.reference.com/article/pulmonary-hypertension-4a6e7dec98341126

Pulmonary hypertension is high blood pressure in the arteries in the lungs, according to the American Heart Association. This refers to the amount of force the heart requires to move blood through the arteries that provide oxygen to the blood.

www.reference.com/article/symptoms-stage-1-hypertension-bc414c9906fa10d6

Stage 1 hypertension is marked by systolic blood pressure between 140 and 159 and diastolic pressure between 90 and 99, according to Everyday Health. The systolic number is the top number on a blood pressure score, and the diastolic pressure is the bottom number.

www.reference.com/article/serious-hypertension-symptoms-women-ff25379b9df789da

Some of the more serious symptoms of hypertension in women and men include shortness of breath, severe headaches, fatigue, irregular heartbeat or blood in the urine, according to WebMD. In women, hypertension often shows no symptoms and is more common after menopause, according to the American Heart

www.reference.com/article/diagnose-treat-hypertension-5718efd93e4b1e5a

Hypertension is diagnosed with a blood pressure reading, states Mayo Clinic. Blood pressure readings are taken with a cuff with a pressure-measuring gauge. Hypertension is diagnosed by the first and second pressure readings. Hypertension is treated with lifestyle changes and drugs, notes WebMD. Trea