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WebMD lists the causes of hypertension as smoking, lack of physical activity, alcoholism, excessive salt in the diet, being overweight, stress, old age, genetics, adrenal and thyroid disorders and chronic kidney disease. Causes of essential hypertension are unknown, while those of secondary hyperten


Effects of hypertension, or high blood pressure, include narrowing and damaging of arteries, stroke, heart failure and dementia, which is a brain disease characterized by problems in reasoning, speaking or movement, states Mayo Clinic. This condition can also cause sexual dysfunction and also affect


Most of the patients who suffer from mild to moderate hypertension experience little to no symptoms, according to WebMD. Patients with severe high blood pressure may experience headaches, fatigue, vision problems, chest pain, irregular heartbeat and blood in the urine.


Common ways of treating hypertension include eating healthily, quitting smoking tobacco and drinking alcohol, losing weight and exercising, according to WebMD. Reducing sodium intake, avoiding stress and cutting back on caffeine are other common ways, notes Mayo Clinic.


Essential hypertension, which is also called primary hypertension, is high blood pressure in which the exact cause is unknown, as explained by Mayo Clinic. Essential hypertension can develop slowly over time. In the United States, approximately 95 percent of all high blood pressure cases have uniden


Signs and symptoms of hypertension include high blood pressure readings and, in extreme cases, irregular heartbeats, headache, chest pain, shortness of breath, vision problems, blood in the urine, confusion and pounding in the neck, ears or chest, notes WebMD. Most people with hypertension don't exp


Pulmonary hypertension is high blood pressure in the arteries in the lungs, according to the American Heart Association. This refers to the amount of force the heart requires to move blood through the arteries that provide oxygen to the blood.


Stage 1 hypertension is marked by systolic blood pressure between 140 and 159 and diastolic pressure between 90 and 99, according to Everyday Health. The systolic number is the top number on a blood pressure score, and the diastolic pressure is the bottom number.


Some of the more serious symptoms of hypertension in women and men include shortness of breath, severe headaches, fatigue, irregular heartbeat or blood in the urine, according to WebMD. In women, hypertension often shows no symptoms and is more common after menopause, according to the American Heart


Hypertension is diagnosed with a blood pressure reading, states Mayo Clinic. Blood pressure readings are taken with a cuff with a pressure-measuring gauge. Hypertension is diagnosed by the first and second pressure readings. Hypertension is treated with lifestyle changes and drugs, notes WebMD. Trea