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An outcome measure is a tool used to assess a patient’s current status[1]. Outcome measures may provide a score, an interpretation of results and at times a risk categorization of the patient. Prior to providing any intervention, an outcome measure provides baseline data. The initial results may help determine the course of treatment intervention.


Outcome measures are primarily defined and prioritized by national organizations, including CMS, The Joint Commission, and the National Association for Healthcare Quality (NAHQ). Health systems target outcome measures based on state and federal government mandates, accreditation requirements, and financial incentives.


Publicly reporting these measures increases the transparency of hospital care, provides useful information for consumers choosing care, and assists hospitals in their quality improvement efforts. CMS annually calculates the following categories of outcome measures based on claims and administrative data for public reporting:


outcome measure: Determination and evaluation of the results of an activity, plan, process, or program and their comparison with the intended or projected results. See also output measure.


Let’s peek inside the fundamentals of health outcome measures as a refresher for focusing on measuring the right ones for the right reasons. What Are Health Outcome Measures? Health outcome measures come in many shapes and sizes and how they are defined depends on the domain being measured and the values and interests of the governing agency.


Standardized outcome measures provide a common language with which to evaluate the success of physical therapy interventions, thereby providing a basis for comparing outcomes related to different intervention approaches. Measuring outcomes of care in each relevant ICF, including impairments of body function and structure, activity limitations, and participation restrictions, among patients ...


Today, let’s discuss how you can use outcome measurement tools to strongly showcase your patients’ progress and the success of your treatments—specifically by balancing the use of performance-based outcomes measures, self-reported ones, and hybrids. We like to call this the outcome measure sweet spot.


primary outcome measure (1) The specific key measurement(s) or observation(s) used to measure the effect of experimental variables in a study, or for observational studies, to describe patterns of diseases or traits or associations with exposures, risk factors or treatment.


Outcome measures may seem to represent the “gold standard” in measuring quality, but an outcome is the result of numerous factors, many beyond providers’ control. Risk-adjustment methods—mathematical models that correct for differing characteristics within a population, such as patient health status—can help account for these factors. ...


secondary outcome measures The outcome measures in a clinical trial that provide information on therapeutic effects of secondary importance, side effects or tolerability. Data on secondary outcomes are used to evaluate additional effects of the intervention not included in the primary outcome measure.