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Stomach acid breaks down food so that it is more easily absorbed by the body, according to MedicineNet. Muscles in the wall of the stomach churn the food, stomach acid and enzymes together to create a thick liquid, known as chyme, that moves into the small intestine for further digestion.


Specialized cells in the stomach secrete hydrochloric acid to aid digestion and combat harmful bacteria, explains the University of Washington. Diet, lifestyle and certain medications result in acid escaping the stomach and entering the esophagus, causing acid reflux, according to WebMD.


Excessive production of stomach acid may result in the formation of peptic ulcers or trigger loose bowel movements, states Mayo Clinic. This condition is associated with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, which is characterized by the initial development of gastrinomas.


Hydrochloric acid is the gastric acid found in a person's stomach. The stomach lining consists of parietal cells that secrete hydrochloric acid. This gastric acid is also important for certain stomach functions.


According to the Columbia Encyclopedia, the acid in a person's stomach is hydrochloric acid. It is one of the components of gastric juice, the strongly acidic and nearly colorless liquid produced by glands in the stomach lining.


Eating foods that are high in fiber or that are spicy or oily, suffering from stress and eating at irregular times are causes for elevated levels of stomach acid, as stated by HealthGuidance.org. The stomach's inner layers produce gastrin, a hormone boosting creation of hydrochloric acid to digest f


Factors such as diet, stress and irregular eating can lead to excessive acid production in the stomach, according to HealthGuidance. Spicy foods and greasy foods can increase acid production in the stomach, as can excessive consumption of fiber, which takes longer to digest, leading to greater acid


Acid reflux is a common condition caused by stomach acid, and the symptoms include heartburn, regurgitation and dyspepsia, says WebMD. Dyspepsia is a term for a syndrome that involves stomach pain. Symptoms of dyspepsia are burping, nausea after eating, bloating and upper abdominal pain.


Some causes of excess stomach acid include diet, stomach ulcer, cancer, stress, and bacterial infection, according to Health Guidance. Stomach acid is important to gastrointestinal health because it prevents infection and aids in the digestion of food.


The function of the stomach is to store and partially digest food. The stomach is a J-shaped sack that lies between the esophagus and the small intestine.