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The exact cause of thyroid cancer is not known as of 2014, but certain inherited conditions likely contribute, according to the American Cancer Society. Genetic changes or mutations in a person's thyroid typically lead to thyroid cancer.


Thyroid cancer treatments include surgery, radioactive iodine, hormone therapy and chemotherapy, according to the American Cancer Society. Other treatment options include external beam radiation therapy and targeted therapy. Oncologists often recommend a combination of two or more treatment types to


Thyroid cancer is cancer that occurs in the butterfly-shaped thyroid gland located just below the Adam's apple at the base of the neck, according to Mayo Clinic. The most common types of thyroid cancer, according to the American Cancer Society, include papillary carcinoma, follicular carcinoma and H


Some symptoms of thyroid cancer include difficulty swallowing, a swollen lump on the neck, wheezing and a persistent cough that is not related to the cold. Thyroid cancer affects women three times more than it affects men, notes MedicineNet.


The symptoms of hypothyroidism in women typically include weight gain, fatigue, slowed heart rate and irritability, while the symptoms of hyperthyroidism can include weight loss, tremors or thyroid gland enlargement, according to Everyday Health. Physical exams and blood tests that measure thyroid h


Some causes of low thyroid levels include the autoimmune disorder Hashimoto's thyroiditis, certain medications, radioactive iodine treatment, lack of iodine in the diet, thyroid surgery, and postpartum thyroiditis, notes WebMD. Hypothyroidism is most common in middle-aged and older women, although i


Women with a slow or underactive thyroid typically experience weight gain or difficulty losing weight, severe fatigue, joint and muscle pain, and headaches, according to Women to Women. A diminished sex drive, constipation and puffiness in the face are also symptoms of a slow thyroid.


Trembling hands, muscle weakness, light or short menstrual periods and weight loss, even with increased appetite, are symptoms of thyroid disorders, according to WebMD. Elevated blood pressure, heart palpitations, increased heart rate, excessive sweating and nervousness are additional symptoms. Incr


As of May 2014, the five-year survival rate for medullary, follicular and papillary thyroid cancers that have not spread past the thyroid is nearly 100 percent, according to Cancer.Net. The survival rate for thyroid cancer that has spread past the lymph nodes is around 98 percent.


Thyroid problems are caused by an underproduction or overproduction of the body's thyroid hormones. When the body doesn't produce enough of these hormones, hypothyroidism results, according to WebMD, and when the body produces too much thyroid hormones, hyperthyroidism results.