The cause for colon polyps is not known, but certain genetics and behaviors are thought to increase an individual's risk for colon polyps, notes Healthline. Some colon polyps cause no symptoms, while others cause blood in the stool, anal bleeding or constipation that lasts a week or longer.
Colon polyps are growths that develop along the inner lining of the large intestines and penetrate into the colon, according to MedicineNet. The size of the growths can vary.
Most polyps are found and removed during sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy screening, using biopsy forceps or a wire loop called a snare. If the polyp is larger than 0.75 inches, a liquid may be injected under it to help with its removal, explains Mayo Clinic.
Colonic polyps usually have no symptoms, explains Mayo Clinic. Patients may not know they have polyps until the doctor notices them during a bowel examination. However, some people may encounter symptoms such as rectal bleeding, change in bowel habits, pain, vomiting and nausea. Other possible sympt
Different types of colon polyps include adenomatous polyps, inflammatory polyps and hyperplastic polyps, notes WebMD. While a majority of colorectal polyps don't develop into cancer, nearly all rectal and colon cancers begin from these polyps. There's also a chance a person may inherit diseases that
Often, people with colon polyps cannot feel them at all, but they can cause pain and nausea, according to Mayo Clinic. They can also indirectly cause feelings of tiredness and shortness of breath by causing iron deficiency anemia. Other possible symptoms include bloody stools, constipation or diarrh
Most polyps are benign or noncancerous, according to the American Cancer Society. However, some types of polyps can lead to colon cancer, depending on the type of polyp and certain risk factors.
Colon polyps range in diameter from less than a quarter of an inch to several inches, according to the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Polyps can be flat or mushroom-shaped and can occur in several places in the gastrointestinal tract.
Colonic polyps are generally removed during a colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy, and then examined to see if they are a type that might develop into cancer, according to WebMD. If large polyps are found, surgery may be necessary.
As of 2014, doctors do not cite any absolute specific causes of colorectal polyps, but research suggests they may be caused by some genetic factors or prior conditions, notes Healthline. Additionally, those with certain unhealthy lifestyles or habits may be at an increased risk of developing polyps.