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According to Mayo Clinic, scientists do not understand exactly what causes leukemia, but they believe it stems from a combination of environmental and genetic factors. Changes that occur within cells that have yet to be understood by medical professionals or mutations that occur at the DNA level may


Leukemia refers to blood cell cancer, according to WebMD. It originates in the bone marrow, and it can spread to other body parts such as lymph nodes, causing pain and swelling. Leukemia causes the formation of abnormal white blood cells called leukemia cells, which leads to conditions such as anemi


Doctors do not know the cause of most childhood leukemias as of 2015, and most children with leukemia do not have specific risk factors, notes the American Cancer Society. Some diseases and inherited gene mutations increase the risk of leukemia in children, and in rare cases, exposure to radiation o


As of 2015, the exact cause of leukemia remains unknown, but experts link this condition with genetics and environment, states MedicineNet. Leukemia may occur when components of some chromosomes break off and attach to other chromosomes, a condition called chromosome translocation.


As of 2015, doctors are unsure why specific people develop leukemia and others do not, states MedicineNet.com. However, doctors have identified several risk factors for the condition, including having a family history of leukemia and smoking.


Leukemia is a cancer that affects the body's early blood-forming cells, states the American Cancer Society. This includes the bone marrow, where blood cells are made, and the lymphatic system.


Common symptoms of leukemia include bone pain, recurring infections, fever, regular nosebleeds, swollen lymph nodes, excessive perspiration, red skin spots, fatigue and weight loss, as stated by Mayo Clinic. These symptoms may vary from one patient to another, depending on the type of leukemia. Most


Leukemia has an approximate cure rate of 40 percent, according to the American Cancer Society. The illness has an 80 to 90 percent remission rate; however, half of diagnosed patients experience recurrence following treatment. Leukemia cure rates also depend on the extent of the illness when it is fi


Doctors diagnose leukemia by conducting diagnostic exams, including a physical exam, blood tests and a bone marrow test, according to Mayo Clinic. X-rays, MRIs and CT scans can help doctors determine how far the cancer has spread and the causes of symptoms related to lung problems.


The Mayo Clinic explains that leukemia can cause the entire body to itch, but itching is not a clear sign of leukemia. Nosebleeds, bruising easily, fever, chills, frequent infections, weight loss, swollen lymph nodes, small red dots on the skin, excessive night sweats and bone pain are other leukemi