Dolphins are mammals found in the sea and are part of the toothed whale family. They are grey with backs that are darker than the rest of their bodies.
Sharks, killer whales and humans are the primary eaters of dolphins. Dolphins are near the top of the food chain and employ many defensive strategies, so they are not often eaten by predators.
Dolphins are equipped with blowholes on the crowns of their heads through which they breathe air when they reach the surface of the water. They are capable of holding their breath for up to 10 minutes.
Dolphins are active, opportunistic predators that feed on many different kinds of fishes, squids and crustaceans. Their diet varies according to what is geographically available. Fishes and squid are staples for offshore dolphins, and coastal dolphins rely mainly on fis...
According to the National Marine Life Center, dolphins move by pushing their powerful tail flukes up and down in the water. This tail movement pushes water back and propels the dolphin forward. To steer through the water, dolphins use their pectoral fins and their dorsa...
There are 36 different species of dolphins throughout the world. Thirty-two of these species are oceanic dolphins that live in saltwater, while four are river dolphins that live in freshwater.
Much like humans, dolphins primarily use sound to convey information to one another. The sound is described as "whistling" by the Dolphin Research Center. Dolphins use visual cues and body language to communicate although less often.