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Waves are caused by wind blowing on the ocean surface. Stronger winds cause larger waves. Variations in wind speed and duration determine the size and frequency of waves. The horizontal length of the wave is established by the horizontal distance between its two crests and the vertical length is est


When the sun heats the air, it causes the air to become lighter and float upwards. When hot air floats upwards, cooler air rushes in to take its place. The rush of the cool air against the water creates ripples, which eventually turn into waves.


The top of a wave is called the crest of a wave. It is the point on the wave that has the maximum height value.


Transverse waves have two parts: a crest, which is the highest point of the wave, and the trough, which is the lowest part of the wave. Longitudinal waves also have two parts: compression, which are areas of high molecular density, and rarefactions, which are areas of low molecular density.


Waves are formed as a result of wind blowing across the top of water. In general, the stronger the wind, the bigger the wave, although the angle and duration of wind also affects the strength of the wave.


Water waves are generally classified as deep-water waves or shallow-water waves. Deep-water waves are produced through oscillation, occurring when the water depth surpasses half the length of the waves. Shallow-water waves meanwhile, are generated through translation, occurring when the depth of wat


Music, speech and explosions are all examples of sound waves. Sound waves are mechanical vibrations in a compressible medium. The larger the amplitude of the waves, the louder the wave sounds. Because mechanical vibrations require a medium to vibrate, sound does not manifest in vacuums, such as spac


Pressure waves in the air cause sound waves to form. However, sound waves can also form in water and in solids. The speed of sound varies significantly depending on the temperature and medium it travels through.


A light wave is a type of electromagnetic wave. Light waves on the electromagnetic spectrum include those that are visible as well as those that are invisible to the human eye.


According to Pelamis Wave Power, wave energy is energy transferred from wind forces to the waves of a body of water, such as the ocean. Wave energy should not be confused with tidal energy.