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www.reference.com/article/treatment-thyroid-cancer-980e43553fb20525

Thyroid cancer treatments include surgery, radioactive iodine, hormone therapy and chemotherapy, according to the American Cancer Society. Other treatment options include external beam radiation therapy and targeted therapy. Oncologists often recommend a combination of two or more treatment types to

www.reference.com/article/thyroid-cancer-bb8c9b851abe9bcd

Thyroid cancer is cancer that occurs in the butterfly-shaped thyroid gland located just below the Adam's apple at the base of the neck, according to Mayo Clinic. The most common types of thyroid cancer, according to the American Cancer Society, include papillary carcinoma, follicular carcinoma and H

www.reference.com/article/causes-thyroid-cancer-73c3bd877f6d3ac5

The exact cause of thyroid cancer is not known as of 2014, but certain inherited conditions likely contribute, according to the American Cancer Society. Genetic changes or mutations in a person's thyroid typically lead to thyroid cancer.

www.reference.com/article/symptoms-thyroid-cancer-a7dbe78893149b1

Some symptoms of thyroid cancer include difficulty swallowing, a swollen lump on the neck, wheezing and a persistent cough that is not related to the cold. Thyroid cancer affects women three times more than it affects men, notes MedicineNet.

www.reference.com/world-view/warning-signs-cancer-ef93d530aca9497c

According to the American Cancer Society, generalized signs and symptoms of cancer include unexplained weight loss, fever, fatigue, unexplained pain, skin changes, changes in bowel or bladder functions, wounds that do not heal, unusual bleeding and white patches inside the mouth. All of these signs

www.reference.com/article/early-warning-signs-cancer-85f20c97e19827e7

Changes in bladder or bowel habits, unusual bleeding or discharge, coughing that doesn’t stop, and sores that don’t heal are some of the early warning signs of cancer, explains WebMD. Patients experiencing these symptoms longer than two weeks independent of another diagnosed condition should consult

www.reference.com/article/warning-signs-skin-cancer-b13774c8fcafed26

Moles that are not symmetrical, have an uneven border with notched or scalloped edges, or are oddly colored or comprised of many different colors may be indicative of skin cancer, according to the Skin Cancer Foundation. Additional warning signs include moles that have a diameter that is greater tha

www.reference.com/article/thyroid-cancer-primary-result-cancer-spread-1e7dd9901d50b7bf

Thyroid cancer is typically a primary cancer located within the thyroid gland, according to the American Cancer Society. Thyroid cancer can then spread out from the thyroid gland into lymph nodes in the neck, behind the throat and in the upper chest.

www.reference.com/article/thyroid-cancer-prognosis-f7e7232430341065

According to MedicineNet.com, the survival rate and prognosis for thyroid cancer depends on a few variables, including the patient's age, the size of the tumor and whether the cancer has metastasized. Surgery is the most common form of treatment for thyroid cancer that has not spread.

www.reference.com/article/warning-signs-bone-cancer-c66879edf6854b05

The earliest symptoms of bone cancer include swelling and pain in the area affected by the cancer, notes the American Society of Clinical Oncology. Joint swelling, stiffness and limping are additional symptoms. Less commonly, people with bone cancer experience weight loss, anemia, fever and a genera