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www.uptodate.com/contents/venous-blood-gases-and-other-alternatives-to...

A venous blood gas (VBG) is an alternative method of estimating systemic carbon dioxide and pH that does not require arterial blood sampling. Performing a VBG rather than an ABG is particularly convenient in the intensive care unit, since many patients have a central venous catheter from which venous blood can be quickly and easily obtained.

acutecaretesting.org/en/articles/diabetic-ketoacidosis

This is then converted to carbon dioxide and water: H 2 CO 3 H 2 O + CO 2. Carbon dioxide is eliminated from the body by the lungs in expired air and bicarbonate is regenerated in the kidneys. By this means, the concentration of hydrogen ions in blood, and therefore the pH, remains constant despite continuous production of metabolic acids.

www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/bicarbonate

The test uses only the fluid in your blood, not the blood cells or the platelets that help your blood clot. A lab technician will add acid to the liquid to unlock carbon dioxide from the bicarbonate.

diabetestalk.net/ketosis/low-co2-in-dka

Carbon dioxide helps the blood vessels constrict and relax, and it also plays a role in cellular respiration. When a human inhales, he takes in oxygen. When he exhales, he releases carbon dioxide. Most of the carbon dioxide in the blood occurs in the form of bicarbonate. The carbon dioxide blood test, also called the bicarbonate test, measures ...

pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/67388

7 of 13 patients with diabetic ketoacidosis had raised serum-amylase concentrations. Isoenzymes analysis by polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis showed that salivary-type amylases and not pancreatic-type amylases were responsible for the rise in 6 or the 7 cases. This demonstrates that the pancreas is …

diabetestalk.net/ketosis/dka-lab-values-co2

A venous blood gas (VBG) is an alternative method of estimating systemic carbon dioxide and pH that does not require arterial blood sampling. Performing a VBG rather than an ABG is particularly convenient in the intensive care unit, since many patients have a central venous catheter from which venous blood can be quickly and easily obtained.

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3099570

Analysis of all admissions of patients with diabetic ketoacidosis and control subjects combined showed that the anion gap increased 0.24 meq/liter per mg/dl increase in blood urea nitrogen (with total carbon dioxide constant). Because the highest blood urea nitrogen level in Group 1 and control subjects was 22 mg/dl, the change in total carbon ...

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diabetic_ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus. Signs and symptoms may include vomiting, abdominal pain, deep gasping breathing, increased urination, weakness, confusion and occasionally loss of consciousness. A person's breath may develop a specific "fruity" smell. Onset of symptoms is usually rapid. ...

www.healthline.com/health/co2-blood-test

A CO2 blood test measures the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) in your blood serum, the liquid part of your blood. It may also be called a carbon dioxide test, or a bicarbonate test. You may receive ...

www.livestrong.com/article/208566-what-are-the-causes-of-low-carbon-dioxide-in...

The trillions of cells that make up your body metabolize food molecules to generate energy. This metabolism yields carbon dioxide (CO 2) as a byproduct.Your body rids itself of excess CO 2 via your lungs when you exhale. A small amount, however, remains in your blood and plays an important role in maintaining the acid-base balance of your bloodstream.