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Both arteries and veins are types of blood vessels in the cardiovascular system. An artery carries blood away from the heart, and a vein carries blood back to the heart.


Noninvasive spectral Doppler waveform assessment is a principal diagnostic tool used in the diagnosis of arterial and venous disease states. With 200 million people affected by peripheral artery disease worldwide 1,2 and > 600,000 hospital admissions yearly for venous thromboembolic disease in the United States, 3,4 establishment and adoption of nomenclature for spectral Doppler waveform ...


The flow of blood also may be affected when a blood clot (thrombus) gets stuck in a blood vessel. Arterial Disease and Venous Disease. It is called “arterial disease” when arteriosclerosis, blood clots and other vascular conditions occur in the arteries. Problems that occur in the veins are called “venous disease.”


Blood Clots (Arterial & Venous) Overview. Blood clotting can be and is a very important natural process in which platelets, fibrin, blood cells and various components of blood clump together to stop bleeding after a blood vessel or your skin has been injured. Eventually, the clot forms a protective seal over an injury.


Arteriovenous malformation is an abnormal connection between arteries and veins, bypassing the capillary system.This vascular anomaly is widely known because of its occurrence in the central nervous system (usually cerebral AVM), but can appear in any location.Although many AVMs are asymptomatic, they can cause intense pain or bleeding or lead to other serious medical problems.


The arteriovenous oxygen difference, or a-vO 2 diff, is the difference in the oxygen content of the blood between the arterial blood and the venous blood.It is an indication of how much oxygen is removed from the blood in capillaries as the blood circulates in the body. The a-vO 2 diff and cardiac output are the main factors that allow variation in the body's total oxygen consumption, and are ...


Peripheral vascular disease (PVD), also called peripheral arterial disease (PAD), is a condition in which in which narrowed blood vessels outside the heart cannot deliver enough oxygen and nutrients to the body. If left untreated, PVD can cause chronic wounds on the limbs and increases the risk of heart attack or stroke.


Vascular Disease can affect everyone. Johns Hopkins Medical Center estimates 78 million Americans have the most common form of vascular disease, high blood pressure. As of 2012, Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) was estimated to effect 12-15 million people in the United States, with a much larger number of undiagnosed cases.


Peripheral vascular disease is a disease that causes restricted blood flow to the arms, legs, or other body parts. It occurs when arteries or veins get narrower, become blocked, or spasm.


The main cause of arterial insufficiency is due to peripheral arterial disease with atherosclerosis and emboli being the most common causes of a blockage in the leg arteries. With venous insufficiency , varicose veins and thrombus formation (DVT) affect the superficial and deep leg veins respectively.