Owing to the increased awareness about mercury toxicity, its uses have considerably declined in the recent years. Nonetheless, this element is still used in various ways and means in industries. This ScienceStruck article lists some important uses of mercury.
Cinnabar (aka vermilion, mercury sulfide, HgS), was used as a bright red pigment by the Palaeolithic painters of 30,000 years ago to decorate caves in Spain and France. Cinnabar would yield up its mercury simply on heating in a crucible, and the metal fascinated people because it was a liquid that would dissolve gold.
Mercury is used in thermometers, barometers, manometers, sphygmomanometers, float valves, mercury switches, mercury relays, fluorescent lamps and other devices, though concerns about the element's toxicity have led to mercury thermometers and sphygmomanometers being largely phased out in clinical environments in favor of alternatives such as ...
Facts About Mercury (Hg) ... Mercury is a very toxic element. It can enter the body through an open wound or by inhaling or ingesting it. It can then cause damage to nerves, the liver and the ...
The element Mercury is named for the Roman god Mercury. Mercury is the only element to retain its alchemical name as its modern common name. The element was known to ancient civilizations, dating back to at least 2000 BC. Vials of pure mercury have been found in Egyptian tombs from the 1500s BC.
The following uses for mercury are gathered from a number of sources as well as from anecdotal comments. I would be delighted to receive corrections as well as additional referenced uses.. Mercury is used in laboratories for making thermometers, barometers, diffusion pumps, and many other instruments.
It causes damage to the brain, kidney and lungs and even small doses can cause mercury poisoning. Despite the danger of this element, mercury still has many important uses. Uses of mercury. Mercury is used in thermometers and traditional blood pressure monitors. However, today the use of mercury is being phased out for safer mercury-free products.
Mercury forms useful compounds with other elements. Mercuric chloride (HgCl 2) is a very poisonous salt and was once used to disinfect wounds. Mercurous chloride (Hg 2 Cl 2), also called calomel, is an antiseptic used to kill bacteria. Mercuric sulfide (HgS) is used to make a red paint pigment called vermilion.
Properties, uses, and occurrence. Mercury was known in Egypt and also probably in the East as early as 1500 bce.The name mercury originated in 6th-century alchemy, in which the symbol of the planet was used to represent the metal; the chemical symbol Hg derives from the Latin hydrargyrum, “liquid silver.”Although its toxicity was recognized at an early date, its main application was for ...
Mercury, also called quicksilver, is a chemical element in the periodic table that has the symbol Hg and atomic number 80. A heavy, silvery, transition metal, mercury is one of five elements that ...