Neuropathy is a term that refers to diseases or malfunctions of the nerves, according to eMedicineHealth. There are several types of neuropathy, including peripheral, cranial, autonomic and focal neuropathy.
The early signs of neuropathy are numbness, tingling, sharp pain, burning pain, sensitivity to any kind of touch, muscle weakness and problems with coordination according to Mayo Clinic. A more severe sign that tends to occur in later stages is paralysis.
Different types of neuropathy include peripheral, proximal, cranial, autonomic, focal and diabetic, according to eMedicineHealth. All neuropathy types affect different parts of the body, and these illnesses are due to disease or injury.
Symptoms of neuropathy include tingling and numbness in the hands or feet, heightened sensitivity to touch, sharp, burning or jabbing pain and falling or lack of coordination, according to Mayo Clinic. If the motor nerves are involved in the neuropathy, muscle paralysis or weakness may also occur.
Neuropathy, has a number of causes, including diabetes, vitamin deficiency, alcohol, auto-immune disease, inherited disorders and cancer, according to MedicineNet. While these are some of the more common causes, frequently no cause can be found.
Pain medications, anti-seizure medications and capsaicin are all generally used for treating neuropathy, although transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, or TENS, therapy is also sometimes used, according to Mayo Clinic. A combination of treatments may also be recommended.
Symptoms of neuropathy in the legs include sharp, jabbing pains in the leg, extreme sensitivity of the legs to touch and muscle weakness, according to Mayo Clinic. Other symptoms could include the gradual onset of numbness or tingling in the feet, which may spread to the legs.
Peripheral neuropathy in the leg is damage to the nerves that regulate temperature, pressure and pain perception, and muscle strength, according to WebMD. The neuropathy typically begins as loss of feeling and pain in the toes, and as it worsens, the damage spreads to the legs.
Johns Hopkins Hospital employs a network of medical professionals who specialize in the treatment of neurological conditions, including hand neuropathy. Weill Cornell Medical Center in New York City also offers comprehensive treatments for nerve and muscle disorders including neuropathy, acute and c
Controlling blood sugar levels, proper foot care, and physical exercise are all good ways to treat neuropathy at home, according to WebMD. Warm water baths and supplementing the diet with vitamin B complex can also be beneficial.