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The Types of Court Cases. Criminal Cases; Civil Cases; In criminal cases, the government brings a case against one or more defendants. The defendant in a criminal case is the person being accused of committing a crime by the government. At the U.S. District Court level, the government is represented by the United States Attorney (or an Assistant United States Attorney), also called the ...


Cases involving “diversity of citizenship," which are disputes between two parties not from the same state or country, and where the claim meets a set dollar threshold for damages. More specifically, federal courts hear criminal, civil, and bankruptcy cases. And once a case is decided, it can often be appealed.


Other types of cases like name changes, elder abuse, civil harassment, and many others. Unlike in criminal cases, there is no right to a court-appointed lawyer in most civil cases. This means that, if you cannot afford a lawyer and you cannot get a legal aid or pro bono (volunteer) lawyer, you have to represent yourself.


The two main types of courts in the United States are the federal court system and the state court system. Although these two courts have separate responsibilities, they often interact with each other, such as when a state court case is appealed to a federal court.


There are two kinds of cases that are heard in the trial courts: civil cases and criminal cases. Eighty percent of conflicts that come to state courts are civil cases. Civil cases involve conflicts between people or institutions, such as businesses. A civil case usually begins when a person or ...


Court cases can take a variety of different shapes and sizes, so when filing your court case it is important to know a bit about each one. Learn about the different types of court cases and how each one proceeds. A Basic Overview. California court cases fall under one of two categories of state courts: trial and appellate.


There are two types of juries serving different functions in the federal trial courts: trial juries, also known as petit juries, and grand juries. Trial Jury A trial jury, also known as a petit jury, decides whether the defendant committed the crime as charged in a criminal case, or whether the defendant injured the plaintiff in a civil case.


State courts, for the most part, interpret state law and tend to hear the types of cases that affect the personal lives of many residents, such as probate, family law, and most criminal law. Federal courts consist of district courts, appellate courts, and the U.S. Supreme Court, and hear many different kinds of cases.


Standard of Proof in a Civil Case Types of Cases in Civil Court Stages of a Civil Case . Criminal Cases . Criminal cases involve enforcing public codes of behavior, which are codified in the laws of the state. In criminal cases, the government prosecutes individuals for violating those laws (in other words, for allegedly committing a crime).


Start studying Judicial Branch (Article III). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. ... State & Federal-Name the two distinct court systems in our nation? Civil & Criminal-Name the two distinct types of court cases in those systems? Authority to hear a question or case in dispute-What does the term ...