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Renal or kidney disease is caused by hypertension, both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, polycystic kidney disease, and inflammation of the kidney's tubules and filtering mechanisms, or glomeruli, says Mayo Clinic. It can also be caused by anything that obstructs the urinary tract or a condition that cau


Renal disease, also known as chronic kidney disease, involves the gradual loss of kidney function, states MedlinePlus. Renal disease often goes undetected due to an absence of noticeable symptoms. When left undetected or inadequately treated, renal disease may require dialysis or a kidney transplant


Symptoms of renal or kidney disease include nausea, vomiting, fatigue, weakness and loss of appetite, according to Mayo Clinic. Additional symptoms resulting from kidney disease include swelling of the feet and ankles, chest pain when fluid builds around the heart, decreased urination, high blood pr


Treating renal, or kidney, disease involves treating the underlying causes of the disease, which are often high blood pressure and diabetes, according to WebMD. Treatment options for kidney failure as a result of end-stage, chronic renal disease include dialysis and kidney transplants, states Mayo C


The chance that a solid renal mass is cancerous is over 80 percent, notes the Urology Care Foundation. Renal cancer is slightly more prevalent among males, and it is usually diagnosed between the ages of 50 and 70. Renal cell carcinoma is the most common form of kidney cancer.


A renal diet is low in phosphorus, potassium, sodium and protein, describes the Medical College of Wisconsin. The renal diet balances the electrolytes and fluids of people with chronic kidney disease to limit the buildup of waste products, according to Medline Plus.


A renal mass on the kidneys is a growth that arises from the kidney, according to the Division of Urology at Washington University School of Medicine. The most common renal mass is a cyst, which is a sac filled with fluid arising from the kidney. Cysts rarely cause problems.


Treatment for renal cancer, or cancer of the kidneys, could include several different types of surgery, such as complete or partial removal of the kidney or surgical removal of the cancer cyst itself, according to Cancer.Net. Other types of less invasive surgery used to treat kidney cancer could inc


Renal failure, also known as kidney failure, is when the kidneys shut down and require invasive treatment in order to function, reports the American Kidney Fund. Kidney failure can occur slowly over time, or it can occur almost instantly.


Symptoms of kidney failure include any changes in urination, swelling of the extremities, skin rashes and ammonia breath, according to the National Kidney Center. Other symptoms are nausea, vomiting, fatigue, trouble concentrating and feeling cold.