https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3993849

The tortuous internal carotid artery as the basis of cerebral vascular insufficiency is a ... entity, as such lesions frequently occur without neurologic symptoms.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3369246/

Tortuous arteries and veins are commonly observed in humans and animals. .... Arterial degenerative disease is often concomitant with internal carotid artery ...

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16076059

Carotid artery tortuosity, kinking, coiling: stroke risk factor, marker, or curiosity? ... in course and geometry (tortuosity, kinking, and coiling) of the internal carotid arteries (ICA) ... as a stroke risk factor or marker of atherosclerotic vascular disease.

https://journals.lww.com/jcraniofacialsurgery/fulltext/2010/11000/Tortuous_Internal_Carotid_Artery.107.aspx

Johnson et al reported a 72-year-old patient with tortuous internal carotid artery who had a sudden onset of blindness lasting a short time. The symptom might ...

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/carotid-artery-disease/symptoms-causes/syc-20360519

Oct 4, 2018 ... Learn about carotid artery disease symptoms, prevention and treatment options including stenting, angioplasty and carotid endarterectomy.

https://www.journal-imab-bg.org/issues-2017/issue3/JofIMAB-2017-23-3p1657-1666.pdf

Aug 31, 2017 ... symptoms occur in the most of the patients and the condi- tion can be an ... atypical tortuous course of both internal carotid arteries, which were ...

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/criot/2016/2028402/

Sep 27, 2016 ... We found four cases of tortuous common carotid artery during an .... affect blood flow to the brain and may result in cerebrovascular disease [4].

http://www.medsci.org/v14p0772.htm

Jul 18, 2017 ... Keywords: Dolichoarteriopathy, Internal Carotid Artery, Treatment, ... In some cases, the tortuous type includes the coiling or kinking types.

https://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/arterial-tortuosity-syndrome/

The specific symptoms and severity of arterial tortuosity syndrome can ... the aorta, the pulmonary arteries, the carotid artery, and kidney (renal) arteries. ... The patients with tortuous arteries are prone to ...

https://www.karger.com/Article/PDF/335123

Mar 14, 2012 ... comitant with internal carotid artery tortuosity, but is not ... severely tortuous arteries with clinical symptoms can be treated with reconstructive ...