Different types of topoisomerases have different functions and these include accessing DNA, recombination process strand breakage, removing DNA supercoils, chromosome condensation and detangling intertwined DNA. All form... More »

The function of RNA polymerase II is to synthesize mRNA using a DNA strand as a template, explains UC Davis BioWiki. The process, by which an mRNA strand is constructed from a DNA strand, is called transcription, and the... More »

Many enzymes are involved in DNA replication, including DNA helicase, DNA polymerase, topoisomerase, DNA gyrase, DNA ligase, primase and telomerase. Replication is a complex process with many steps, all of which require ... More »

Once the DNA is separated into two strands, an RNA primer is laid down to give the new strand a place to build from so that the new enzymes can mate up to the exposed bases of the DNA and continue to build until the stra... More »

Transcribed RNA is separated from a single strand of DNA it used as a template, then cut into pieces to be translated into proteins, while DNA that forms during DNA replication remains bound to the single strand to becom... More »

According to North Dakota State University, the DNA replication process in eukaryotes occurs and finishes quickly because of the highly specialized sub-processes involved in synthesizing a new DNA strand to match the ori... More »

Okazaki fragments are short segments of DNA that were newly synthesized using the lagging strand of the original piece of DNA during DNA replication. Conversely, a new DNA strand is synthesized continuously, rather than ... More »