Thyroid cancer is cancer that occurs in the butterfly-shaped thyroid gland located just below the Adam's apple at the base of the neck, according to Mayo Clinic. The most common types of thyroid cancer, according to the American Cancer Society, include papillary carcino...
The exact cause of thyroid cancer is not known as of 2014, but certain inherited conditions likely contribute, according to the American Cancer Society. Genetic changes or mutations in a person's thyroid typically lead to thyroid cancer.
Some symptoms of thyroid cancer include difficulty swallowing, a swollen lump on the neck, wheezing and a persistent cough that is not related to the cold. Thyroid cancer affects women three times more than it affects men, notes MedicineNet.
Thyroid cancer treatments include surgery, radioactive iodine, hormone therapy and chemotherapy, according to the American Cancer Society. Other treatment options include external beam radiation therapy and targeted therapy. Oncologists often recommend a combination of ...
Thyroid cancer and goiter are both major causes of thyroid problems and coughing, states WebMD and Healthline. Grave's disease (also known as Basedow's disease) is an autoimmune disease that leads to goiter if left untreated.
Thyroid disease occurs when the thyroid gland, located at the front of the neck, produces either too many or too few hormones. Some common disorders of the thyroid include hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, thyroid nodules, thyroiditis, thyroid cancer and goiters.
Thyroid cancer is usually very treatable, according to the American Thyroid Association. When papillary thyroid cancer is confined to the thyroid in patients under 45 years of age, the prognosis is excellent, with 10-year survival rates of 100 percent.