In moral philosophy, deontological ethics or deontology (from Greek δέον, deon, "obligation, duty") is the normative ethical theory that the morality of an action should be based on whight or wrong under a series of rules, rather than based on the consequences of the action.
While a theory of obligation, we argue later in this article, provides an adequate ethical structure, fairness as a concept also must take the distinctive aspects of each situation into account in order to maintain a sense of proportionality within the reference group and in relation to available resources.
Introduction to Ethical Theory I. Normative Ethics: Normative ethical theory is the branch of philosophy concerned with formulating and evaluating theories of moral rightness and moral goodness. Such theories attempt to state the features in virtue of which morally right actions are morally right and morally
community-based theory any ethical theory of health care according to which everything fundamental in ethics derives from communal values, the common good, social goals, traditional practices, and cooperative virtues. Commitment is to the general welfare, to common purposes, and to education of community members. Beliefs and principles, shared goals, and obligations are seen as products of the ...
A moral theory is an explanation of what makes an action right or what makes a person or thing good. Theories concerned with the rightness or wrongness of actions are known as theories of obligation (or, in this text, simply moral theories). A moral theory is interconnected with considered judgments and principles.
Teleological ethics, (teleological from Greek telos, “end”; logos, “science”), theory of morality that derives duty or moral obligation from what is good or desirable as an end to be achieved. Also known as consequentialist ethics, it is opposed to deontological ethics (from the Greek deon, “duty”), which holds that the basic standards for an action’s being morally right are ...
ETHICAL THEORIES SLIDE 1 – INTRODUCTORY SLIDE Ethical theories provide part of the decision-making foundation for Decision Making When Ethics Are In Play because these theories represent the viewpoints from which individuals seek guidance as they make decisions. Each theory emphasizes different points – a different
Ethics as an Obligation Originally published in Forum Magazine. Originally published in Volume 23, Number 1 of the Federation Forum Magazine.. We have an obligation as regulators to make sure that the practitioners that we license are trusted by the people that they treat.
A Theory of Moral Obligation. Dodsworth, Christopher R. 2007. Abstract: The dominant accounts of moral obligation today take as their main task the derivation of duties that are owed to other people generally, simply in virtue of their being rational agents or in some other way essentially “creatures like us.” These accounts begin by ...
At a minimum, most people agree that we have obligations not to harm others. Strong intuitions also suggest that we have some duties to aid others in need, especially when asked. In this dissertation, I develop a theory of moral obligation, and specifically of the normativity of obligation.