Caddo turkey dance, Caddo National Complex, Binger, Oklahoma, 2000: The turkey dance relays Caddo history. Caddo oral history of their creation story says the tribe emerged from a cave, called Chahkanina or "the place of crying," located at the confluence of the Red River of the South and Mississippi River in northern present-day Louisiana.
Caddo Indians of Texas. The Caddos came to East Texas from the Mississippi Valley around 800 A.D. Their territory included parts of Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana and East Texas. At the height of their mound-building culture - around 1200 A.D. - the Caddos numbered 250,000 people. The Caddos were the most advanced Native American culture in Texas.
Caddo, one tribe within a confederacy of North American Indian tribes comprising the Caddoan linguistic family. Their name derives from a French truncation of kadohadacho, meaning “real chief” in Caddo.The Caddo proper originally occupied the lower Red River area in what are now Louisiana and Arkansas.In the late 17th century they numbered approximately 8,000 persons living in villages ...
Early Caddo History The Caddo originated in the lower Mississippi Valley and spread west along the river systems. Sometime between 700 and 800 they settled the area between the Arkansas River and the middle reaches of the Red, Sabine, Angelina, and Neches rivers and adopted agriculture.
archeology.uark.edu/indiansofarkansas/index.html?pageName=The Caddo Indians
1988 Hasinai: A Traditional History of the Caddo Confederacy. Texas A & M Press. Sabo, George III 1992 Paths of Our Children: The Historic Indians of Arkansas. Arkansas Archeological Survey Popular Series No. 3. Swanton, John R. 1942 Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians.
The Caddo tribe lived in what we now know as Northern Louisiana, southern Arkansas, and Oklahoma East Texas. During the 19 th century, the Indians were placed forcibly on a reservation in Texas and then once again moved to Indian Territory in 1859. Caddo Indian Tribe
CADDO INDIANS.Before the middle of the nineteenth century the term Caddo denoted only one of at least twenty-five distinct but closely affiliated groups centered around the Red River in Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Oklahoma. The term derives from the French abbreviation of Kadohadacho, a word meaning "real chief" or "real Caddo" in the Kadohadacho dialect.
The Caddo Nation is a confederacy of several Native American tribes who historically inhabited much of what is now East Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Oklahoma.They were descendants of the Caddoan Mississippian culture that constructed huge earthwork mounds at several sites in this territory.
Eventually these Louisiana Caddo left-their credit was cut off by local merchants, their payments ended, and the United States protection was failing-and headed for the Kiamichi River country in Oklahoma. The Caddoan presence in Louisiana, after a millennium, or more, was over. Caddoan Indian Treaty of Cession, July 1, 1835. Mural in Louisiana.
The Caddo were farmers who lived in East Texas. There were two main groups of the Caddo in Texas. One major Caddo tribe was the Kadohadacho. The Kadohadacho lived in large villages along the Red river near the present day Oklahoma - Arkansas border. The other was the Tejas or Hasinais Caddo who lived around present day Nacogdoches.