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Caddo oral history of their creation story says the tribe emerged from a cave, called Chahkanina or "the place of crying," located at the confluence of the Red River of the South and Mississippi River in northern present-day Louisiana. Their leader, named Moon, instructed the people not to look back. An old Caddo man carried with him a drum, a pipe, and fire, all of which have continued ...


Caddo Indians of Texas. The Caddos came to East Texas from the Mississippi Valley around 800 A.D. Their territory included parts of Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana and East Texas. At the height of their mound-building culture - around 1200 A.D. - the Caddos numbered 250,000 people. The Caddos were the most advanced Native American culture in Texas.


Caddo Indians (contracted from Kä'dohädä'cho, 'Caddo proper,' 'real Caddo,' a leading tribe in the Caddo confederacy, extended by the whites to include the confederacy). A confederacy of tribes belonging to the southern group of the Caddoan linguistic family. Their own name is Hasínai, our own folk.' See Kadohadacho Tribe.

archeology.uark.edu/indiansofarkansas/index.html?pageName=The Caddo Indians

1988 Hasinai: A Traditional History of the Caddo Confederacy. Texas A & M Press. Sabo, George III 1992 Paths of Our Children: The Historic Indians of Arkansas. Arkansas Archeological Survey Popular Series No. 3. Swanton, John R. 1942 Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians.


CADDO INDIANS.Before the middle of the nineteenth century the term Caddo denoted only one of at least twenty-five distinct but closely affiliated groups centered around the Red River in Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Oklahoma. The term derives from the French abbreviation of Kadohadacho, a word meaning "real chief" or "real Caddo" in the Kadohadacho dialect.


For information about Caddo culture and history, one excellent source for schools is Caddo Indians: Where We Came From, written by a Caddo historian. Two nice overviews of Caddo culture for younger kids are Caddo Native Americans and The Caddo of Texas. You can also browse through our reading list of recommended American Indian books in general


The Caddo were farmers who lived in East Texas. There were two main groups of the Caddo in Texas. One major Caddo tribe was the Kadohadacho. The Kadohadacho lived in large villages along the Red river near the present day Oklahoma - Arkansas border. The other was the Tejas or Hasinais Caddo who lived around present day Nacogdoches.


History. The ancestors of the Caddo Indians were agriculturalists whose distinctive way of life and material culture emerged by A.D. 900, as revealed in archaeological sites in Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas, and Oklahoma. When members of Hernando de Soto’s expedition entered the region in 1542, thriving Caddo communities were distributed along ...


More than 1,200 years ago, a group of Caddo Indians known as the Hasinai built a village 26 miles west of present-day Nacogdoches. The site was the southwestern-most ceremonial center for the great Mound Builder culture.


Caddo Indians, the first known settlers in the region, were the victims of westward expansion. An early white settlement (1840), on an Indian council site, was called Bird’s Fort. Continuing disputes between Indians and would-be settlers ultimately led to the Battle of Village Creek (1841),…