The fifth state of matter is Bose-Einstein condensation, which is a gaseous superfluid formed by atoms that have been cooled to almost absolute zero. The theory was proposed by Satyndra Bose and Albert Einstein in the 1920s.
We are quite familiar with three states of matter, viz., solid, liquid, and gas - common on Earth. PLASMA is the fourth state, not common here on Earth, but may be the most common state of matter in the universe. Plasma consists of highly charged ...
The fifth state of matter is the most energetic one because another state of matter between e.g. 10 26 eV and 10 35 eV is not possible. One of the states of matter is the Bose-Einstein condensate. It has zero thermal-energy. We should give the number zero to it (table below).
We all know about matter and its three states and about plasma, the hot ionized gas considered as the fourth state, but we have seldom heard of something called as the fifth state of matter. In 1924, Albert Einstein and Satyendra Nath Bose predicted the "Bose-Einstein condensate" (BEC), which is referred as the fifth state of matter.
Matter in the plasma state has variable volume and shape, and contains neutral atoms as well as a significant number of ions and electrons, both of which can move around freely. The term phase is sometimes used as a synonym for state of matter, but a system can contain several immiscible phases of the same state of matter.
The fifth state of matter is actually the first phase of matter. It is called a Bose-Einstein Condensate. Matter in the fifth state is really slow moving and extremely condensed. It only exists at near absolute zero temperatures and is very fragile and unstable. It was discovered in 1995 by Eric ...
When we talk about the states of matter, has it ever occurred to you that much of what we see in the sky may be the 4th or 5th state? Oh, and just to get you...
The New Fifth State of Matter. greenrun (66) ... The fifth state of matter was treated as a theoretical possibility. But in 2001, Wolfgang Ketterie and two other scientists won a Nobel Prize for the discovery of Bose-Einstein Condensate. Applying lasers to this condensate, they were able to cool the condensate to near absolute zero temperature ...
Matter is the “stuff” of the universe. There are five known phases, or states, of matter: solids, liquids, gases, plasma and Bose-Einstein condensates.
Of the five states matter can be in, the Bose-Einstein condensate is perhaps the most mysterious. Gases, liquids, solids and plasmas were all well studied for decades, if not centuries; Bose ...