A low hemoglobin count, also known as anemia, is caused by pregnancy, a menstrual period, a diet low in iron, blood loss, or a disease that causes the body to produce fewer red blood cells or to destroy red blood cells. According to the Mayo Clinic, medications also sometimes cause anemia. These inc
Low hemoglobin count only merits treatment when it takes the form of the disease called anemia, according to Mayo Clinic. The treatment for anemia varies with the cause. Iron deficiency, chronic disease, vitamin deficiency, aplastic anemia, bone marrow disease and hemolytic anemias are the various t
Symptoms of low hemoglobin levels, a contributing factor of anemia and blood count-related illnesses, include fatigue; shortness of breath; weakness; or a fast or irregular heartbeat, according to Mayo Clinic. Some patients may also experience pale skin and gums.
Low hemoglobin counts may be linked to certain diseases and conditions such as cancer, cirrhosis, hypothyroidism, iron deficiency anemia, kidney disease, leukemia and certain medications. Additional causes may include an enlarged spleen, vasculitis and blood loss resulting from a wound, bleeding in
Causes of high hemoglobin include increase in red blood cell production, smoking, certain medications and bone marrow disease. Some conditions, such as heart failure, liver cancer, kidney cancer and dehydration can also lead to high hemoglobin count, as stated by Mayo Clinic.
According to the Information Center for Sickle Cell and Thalassemic Disorders, hemoglobin bonds to oxygen molecules from the lungs and delivers them to cells throughout the body. It does this with two similar bonded proteins which are necessary for the capture and release of oxygen via a central iro
Conditions such as Hodgkin's disease, cirrhosis of the liver and different types of anemia can cause low hemoglobin levels, as stated by Mayo Clinic. Pregnancy, kidney disease, certain medications and lead poisoning can cause low hemoglobin levels as well.
A low hemoglobin count means that a patient has less of a protein found in red blood cells than what is considered normal in a blood test, according to Mayo Clinic. A low hemoglobin count is a common finding and may not indicate a serious condition.
Dangerously low hemoglobin levels that require transfusion are 7 grams per deciliter for ICU patients and 8 milligrams per deciliter for most other patients, according to U.S. News. Low hemoglobin is anything below 13.5 grams per deciliter for men, and 12 grams per deciliter for women, according to
InnovateUs states that the main function of hemoglobin is transporting oxygen from the lungs to other parts of the body. It is an important chemical in red blood cells that carries oxygen, and performs different effect modulation and gas transport duties.