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Some symptoms of thyroid cancer include difficulty swallowing, a swollen lump on the neck, wheezing and a persistent cough that is not related to the cold. Thyroid cancer affects women three times more than it affects men, notes MedicineNet.


Thyroid cancer treatments include surgery, radioactive iodine, hormone therapy and chemotherapy, according to the American Cancer Society. Other treatment options include external beam radiation therapy and targeted therapy. Oncologists often recommend a combination of two or more treatment types to


Thyroid cancer is cancer that occurs in the butterfly-shaped thyroid gland located just below the Adam's apple at the base of the neck, according to Mayo Clinic. The most common types of thyroid cancer, according to the American Cancer Society, include papillary carcinoma, follicular carcinoma and H


The exact cause of thyroid cancer is not known as of 2014, but certain inherited conditions likely contribute, according to the American Cancer Society. Genetic changes or mutations in a person's thyroid typically lead to thyroid cancer.


Thyroid cancer is typically a primary cancer located within the thyroid gland, according to the American Cancer Society. Thyroid cancer can then spread out from the thyroid gland into lymph nodes in the neck, behind the throat and in the upper chest.


Cancer spreads through a process that involves the invasion of blood vessels and lymph nodes near a tumor, according to the American Cancer Society. The ability of cancer to spread successfully depends on a number of factors, and not all cancer cells can metastasize, or spread.


The common symptoms of an overactive thyroid are weight loss, increased appetite, irritability, rapid heart rate and anxiety, according to the Office on Women's Health, whereas underactive thyroid symptoms include weight gain, cold sensitivity, fatigue, depression and muscle weakness. Thyroid cancer


The common symptoms of an underactive thyroid, or hypothyroidism, include weight gain, muscle weakness, constipation, fatigue and depression, according to the Office on Women's Health. The symptoms of an overactive thyroid, or hyperthyroidism, include weight loss, rapid heartbeat, anxiety, trembling


As of May 2014, the five-year survival rate for medullary, follicular and papillary thyroid cancers that have not spread past the thyroid is nearly 100 percent, according to Cancer.Net. The survival rate for thyroid cancer that has spread past the lymph nodes is around 98 percent.


According to MedicineNet.com, the survival rate and prognosis for thyroid cancer depends on a few variables, including the patient's age, the size of the tumor and whether the cancer has metastasized. Surgery is the most common form of treatment for thyroid cancer that has not spread.