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The first noticeable symptoms of macular degeneration are often wavy lines, followed by vision distortion and differences in color perception, according to WebMD. Other symptoms include distorted central vision, blurry white or dark patches, and difficulty seeing details and objects in the distance.


Macular degeneration is the deterioration of the macula, the retina’s area of central vision. As of January 2015, macular degeneration is the primary cause of vision loss in Americans over 60 years old, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine.


The exact cause of macular degeneration is not known though there are several known risk factors including advanced age, family history of the condition and poor diet, according to Mayo Clinic. Obesity, cardiovascular disease and high cholesterol have also been associated with macular degeneration.


Macular degeneration affects a structure in the eye called the macula, the small, center portion of the retina. Although it usually doesn't cause total blindness, macular degeneration affects central vision and can cause significant vision loss.


An ophthalmologist or optometrist treats macular degeneration. The macula is the part of the retina that is responsible for the central vision. If macular degeneration is suspected, the physician may perform a photographic procedure using dye.


Wet macular degeneration is an age-related disease of the eye that leads to central vision loss, according to Mayo Clinic. This is caused by blood vessels leaking into the macula, which is the tissue inside the center of the retina.


Although in its early stages there may not be any symptoms, some of the first signs of macular degeneration involve distorted vision, often near the center of vision, reports WebMD. This is usually most obvious when looking at straight lines.


As of 2015, doctors haven’t developed treatments for early-stage macular degeneration, and many people don’t have symptoms, the National Eye Institute states. Since this condition has no cure, doctors may recommend a formula of vitamins and trace minerals to slow the progression of vision loss durin


Iowacityeye.com posts images of normal macula and macular degeneration. Another illustration simulates how macular degeneration affects a patient's vision. IllinoisRetinaInstitute.com displays images of wet and dry macular degeneration, and the site reviews preventable and non-preventable risk facto


A macular degeneration test involves different procedures depending on whether the ophthalmologist is testing for dry or wet macular degeneration. For dry macular degeneration, the doctor first dilates the eyes and then uses a ophthalmoscope to examine them; for wet macular degeneration, special pho