Beginning in 1096 and lasting for three years, the First Crusade involved the march of four armies from Western Europe against Muslims in the Holy Land. According to, the Crusade began after Pope Urban II mad... More »

The First Crusade began when Pope Urban II and a preacher named Peter the Hermit convinced the European people that all the evil in the world was due to the fact that Muslim people had control over the Holy Land. Pope Ur... More »

The First Crusade (1096-1099 C.E.) was the most successful. The Second (1147-1148 C.E.), Third (1189-1193 C.E.), Fourth (1201-1204 C.E.) and Last (which came soon after the Fourth) Crusades were less successful and added... More »

The Second Crusade was an attempt to stop Muslims from taking key land from Christians during the years from 1147 to 1149. The attempt was started by Pope Eugene III, but the armies failed in the attempt to stop Muslim c... More »

Charles Martel (A.D. 688-741) consolidated Frankish power in his region, halted the advance of Muslim armies into Western Europe, laid the groundwork for a new Frankish dynasty and developed military concepts that would ... More »

The Children's Crusade is supposed to have involved between 15,000 and 30,000 French children, who attempted to reach the Christian Holy Land by foot and boat in an effort to reclaim Jerusalem for their faith. Historical... More »

The Albigensian Crusade was a religious war pitting Catholics against the heretical Cathars of southern France. Initiated by Pope Innocent III in 1209, the Albigensian Crusade lasted until 1229. More » History Middle Ages