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Joint pain and swelling in hands and feet is often caused by a form of arthritis. Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and gout are the most common forms, states WebMD. When tissues that surround a joint have an increase in fluid, swelling occurs.


Injury, trauma, certain infections and inflammatory conditions can cause hands to swell, according to Healthgrades. Certain medical conditions and medications, including steroids, can cause hand swelling as well. Pregnancy and premenstrual syndrome may cause fluid retention in parts of the body, lea


Stop swelling of the hands by reducing salt intake and taking medication to remove excess body fluid, states Mayo Clinic. If an underlying condition is responsible for the swollen hands, treating that condition alleviates the swelling.


Sudden swollen hands, or edema, can be the result of a variety of factors, reports Healthgrades. While gradual hand swelling may be a sign of an inflammatory condition, sudden swelling may be a result of injury, infection or side effects to medication.


Sudden swelling of the lips is a common symptom of angioedema, an allergic reaction that is believed to be triggered by eating shellfish, exposure to animal dander and ingestion of certain medications, according to MedlinePlus. Angioedema sometimes accompanies medical conditions such as lupus and ly


Hands may swell during sleep due to dependent edema, which is an increase in fluid in a particular limb of the body. It could also be caused by heart medications, high blood pressure medications and even anti-inflammatories, according to Dr. Jose Monsivais. Circulation problems could also be a cause


A possible reason a person’s hands swell during sleeping hours is carpal tunnel syndrome, according to E-Hand.com. The symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome typically occur while sleeping, because regular use of the hand while awake sends excess fluid outside the carpal tunnel, thus relieving swelling.


Swelling can be localized or affect the whole body, according to WebMD. Causes of localized body swelling include injury, inflammation, burns, infections under the skin or in a joint, and insect bites. Certain medications, allergens, circulation problems and autoimmune diseases may cause generalized


Generalized swelling can be treated by resting the affected area as much as possible and elevating it above the level of the heart during times of relaxation, according to WebMD. It also helps to apply ice to the area, avoid eating to much sodium and remain hydrated with water.


Depending on the cause, a swelling hand can be treated with ice, elevation and compression, states WebMD. This treatment works best if the hand is sprained or received a minor injury. More serious injuries and increased swelling need to be treated by a medical professional.