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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Sudan

Since its independence in 1956, the history of Sudan has been plagued by internal conflict, viz. the First Sudanese Civil War (1955–1972), the Second Sudanese Civil War (1983–2005), culminating in the secession of South Sudan on 9 July 2011, and the War in Darfur (2003–2010)

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Sudanese_Civil_War

The Second Sudanese Civil War was a conflict from 1983 to 2005 between the central Sudanese government and the Sudan People's Liberation Army.It was largely a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War of 1955 to 1972. Although it originated in southern Sudan, the civil war spread to the Nuba mountains and the Blue Nile.It lasted for 22 years and is one of the longest civil wars on record.

www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-14019202

1978 - Oil discovered in Unity State in southern Sudan.. Second civil war. 1983 - Fighting breaks out again between north and south Sudan, under leadership of John Garang's Sudanese People's ...

www.waterforsouthsudan.org/brief-history-of-south-sudan

A brief history of modern Sudan and South Sudan ... FIRST CIVIL WAR, 1955-1972. 1955: Anticipating independence and fearing domination by the north, southern insurgents stage a mutiny in Torit. These early rebels develop a large secessionist movement in the south, called the Anyanya. The Anyanya struggled with a lot of internal factionalism and ...

www.combonimissionaries.org/a-brief-history-of-the-civil...

In South Sudan there are a total of 64 different ethnic groups. At this particular moment, the main parties involved in the ongoing civil war are troops of President Salva Kiir representing the government and the opposing forces are of former vice president Machar. Other minor rebel groups include the Shilluk, Bari, Zande, Balanda etc.

www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-14095300

1999 - Sudan begins to export oil. Southern peace, Darfur crisis. 2002 - Machakos Protocol talks in Kenya lead to breakthrough agreement with southern rebels on ending civil war. Provide for south ...

news.nationalgeographic.com/news/special-features/2014/10/...

NASIR, South Sudan—When she was a girl, in the 1960s, Sarah Kier's parents fled southern Sudan with her. The Sudanese civil war, in which black-African inhabitants from the country's south were ...

history.osu.edu/publications/civil-war-sudan

This is a comprehensive survey of the Sudanese Civil War. It traces its origins and sets out the problems of nationality/ethnicity that have led to the demise of one of the largest and most important states in Africa. The contents include an introduction to the political and economic background to the Civil War, an analysis of underdevelopment in Southern Sudan since independence, a study of ...

enoughproject.org/blog/sudan-brief-history-1956

This week's post in the series Enough 101 looks at a brief history of Sudan since the state's independence in 1956 through the signing of the CPA in 2005, which ended the nation's second civil war.