Five substitutes for all-purpose flour are almond flour, soy flour, quinoa flour, barley flour and spelt flour. These substitutes can be used if you want to avoid white flour or are sensitive to gluten.
Cake flour can be substituted for almond flour in some recipes at a one to one ratio. Almond flour is more moist and contains more fat than wheat flours, so a recipe featuring it may need to be adjusted with fewer eggs and less baking powder.
To make one cup of cake flour, combine 1 cup minus 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour with 2 tablespoons corn starch, and sift well. Instructions for making cake flour are available on JoyTheBaker.com, NatashasKitchen.com and MelsKitchenCafe.com.
Corn meal ground into a powder using a food processor can be used as a substitute for corn flour. If a recipe calls for corn flour to be used as breading, regular flour can be used as a substitute.
Technically, cake flour does not have “ingredients”. It is a finely ground flour that has a lower protein content which makes for lighter and fluffier cakes. It is possible to make a cake flour substitute by sifting together 1 cup of flour and 2 tablespoons of cornstarc...
Cake flour can be substituted with flour mixed with a small amount of cornstarch, or with sifted all-purpose flour in some recipes. The addition of cornstarch inhibits the formation of some of the gluten in the cake, which makes the cake tougher.
To make bread flour from all-purpose flour, measure out the same amount of all-purpose flour as the required amount of bread flour. Add in gluten flour, and mix.