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At the highest level of structure, the forces were split into the Roman army and the Roman navy, although these two branches were less distinct than in many modern national defense forces. Within the top levels of both army and navy, structural changes occurred as a result of both positive military reform and organic structural evolution.


Roman soldiers charging. Behind the legionaries is, from left to right, an aquilifer, cornicen and signifer.The soldier in the front of the formation is a centurion. Image courtesy of The Ermine St. Guard.


The organization and structure of the Imperial Roman Army, the Legion, the Praetorians, the Vigiles, the Navy, the Urban Cohort and the Auxiliaries.


Stucture of the Roman Army The Roman army was broken down into different groups to have a clear chain of command during battle. The smallest unit was the conturbenium, which was a group of eight soldiers. These men marched together and shared a tent or a room at a fort.


Infographic illustrating the structure of the Roman Army. Originally created as a video installation for the Vindolanda Museum at Hadrian's Wall on the English / Scottish border. Exhibition design ...


History of the term. In the early Roman Kingdom "legion" may have meant the entire Roman army but sources on this period are few and unreliable. The subsequent organization of legions varied greatly over time but legions were typically composed of around five thousand soldiers.


The Roman Empire saw one of the first truly professional armies in history, and became the inspiration for European armies that followed it. Though its officers didn’t have the same titles as their modern counterparts, many of the same duties still needed to be fulfilled.


The hierarchical structure that the roman army represents today finds its roots in quite old eras. Roman army has always stayed popular due to its acts of braveries, the excellence of its soldiers and the structure in which it is arranged that is known as Roman military hierarchy.


Infographic illustrating the structure of the Roman Army. Originally created as a video installation for the Vindolanda Museum at Hadrians Wall on the English / Scottish border .


The early Roman Manipular Legion, used from the fourth century B.C. until the Marian Reforms of 107 B.C., was the largest and most basic unit of the army’s composition. The Roman Army consisted of four Legions, each with the strength of roughly 4200 infantrymen. Typically, each of Rome’s two ...