Nerve cells, or neurons, receive electrochemical signals, process them and transmit them to other cells. Most often, these are other neurons, but nerve cells signal muscle cells and other active cells of the body as well. Sensory nerve cells also react to their environm...
Nerve cells, or neurons, can range from .004 millimeters to .1 millimeters in diameter. Their length can be anywhere from a fraction of an inch to several feet long, depending on nerve cell type.
According to the BBC, the function of nerve cells is to transmit electrical messages and signals throughout the body. There are three types of nerve cells. Sensory neurons collect and transmit information about stimuli, such as sound, light and temperature. Motor neuron...
Nerve cells, or (neurons, comprise the nervous system. It is the job of these specialized cells to transmit information throughout the body to enable it to function.
According to Albany University, nerve cells have a distinctive long, thin shape because they must be able to transmit impulses over long distances. Nerves pick up electrical impulses from all over the body, and these impulses must travel along an unbroken path to reach ...
Though there are many different types of cells, all cells have a plasma membrane, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), ribosomes and cytoplasm. The other structures found in a cell vary depending on the type of cell.
The space between nerve cells is called a synapse. It is a gap used for communication between nerve cells. To transmit an electrical signal from one nerve cell to another, chemicals are released into the synapse by one nerve cell and picked up by the other nerve cell.