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Mitochondria are called the 'powerhouse of the cell'. They contain a number of enzymes and proteins that help process carbohydrates and fats obtained from the food we eat to release energy. Read on to know about the structure and functions of the organelle.


Structure of Mitochondria. The mitochondrion is a double-membraned, rod-shaped structure found in both plant and animal cells. Its size ranges from 0.5 to 1.0 micrometre in diameter. The structure comprises an outer membrane, an inner membrane, and a gel-like material called the matrix.


The mitochondria (plural mitochondria) is a membrane bound structure found in both eukaryotic plant and animal cells. The primary function of mitochondria is to provide the energy required for various cellular activities, most significantly the formulation of energy.


Structure and Function of Mitochondria. Mitochondria structure is quite compact, and all of its functions happen within this structure. Structure of mitochondria. They are sac-like double membranes structures present in the cytoplasm of the cell. They can be seen only under an electron microscope.


Mitochondria are analogous to a furnace or a powerhouse in the cell because, like furnaces and powerhouses, mitochondria produce energy from basic components (in this case, molecules that have been broken down so that they can be used). Mitochondria have many other functions as well.


Mitochondria- Structure and Functions Mitochondria are oxygen-consuming ribbon-shaped cellular organelles of immense importance floating free throughout the cell. They are known as the “powerhouse of the cell” since these organelles supply all the necessary biological energy to the cell by oxidizing the substrates available.


Mitochondria Structure & Function Known as the powerhouse of the cell, mitochondria are kind of like the digestive system, taking in nutrients and breaking them down to give the cell energy. Mitochondria help take energy from sugar or glucose and convert it into a simpler form called ATP that the cell can more easily use.


Mitochondria Structure Mitochondria are shaped perfectly to maximize their productivity. They are made of two membranes. The outer membrane covers the organelle and contains it like a skin. The inner membrane folds over many times and creates layered structures called cristae. The fluid contained in the mitochondria is called the matrix.


Structure of Mitochondria . The cytoplasm of nearly all eukaryotic cells contain mitochondria, although there is at least one exception, the protist Chaos (Pelomyxa) carolinensis.They are especially abundant in cells and parts of cells that are associated with active processes.


Mitochondria generate most of the cell's supply of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), used as a source of chemical energy. A mitochondrion is thus termed the powerhouse of the cell. Mitochondria are commonly between 0.75 and 3 μm² in area but vary considerably in size and structure.