Sodium hydroxide, chemically known as NaOH, is a strong base. A strong base is defined as a chemical compound that can remove a proton (H+) or in other words, deprotonate a molecule of a weak acid in an acid-base reactio... More »

Strong acids and bases are characterized by the way their constituent molecules are both fully ionized in a solution. Only a small number of acids and bases break down into nothing but their constituent ions when dissolv... More »

Ammonia, a gaseous compound of one nitrogen atom bound to three hydrogen atoms, is not a strong base. It is a weaker base that generally must react with water before it reacts with an acid. Before it neutralizes acids in... More »

The pH of NaOH is 14. NaOH, or sodium hydroxide, is a highly caustic substance and is an alkali, or base. Sodium hydroxide is a white solid at room temperature. More »

The indicator phenolphthalein is used in the titration of NaOH and H2SO4. Phenolphthalein turns bright pink when the titration is complete and the sulfuric acid is neutralized. More »

During a neutralization reaction, protons and hydroxide ions combine to create water molecules, while the remaining ions from the original acid and base create salt molecules. Neutralization reactions begin when an acid ... More »

Sodium carbonate, also known as soda ash, forms a medium-strength base when in a solution of water. Depending on the amount of sodium carbonate in the solution, the pH can range from around 11.3 to 11.7. More »