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Complicating factors. Stratification may be upset by turbulence. This creates mixed layers of water. Forms of turbulence may include wind-sea surface friction, upwelling and downwelling. Marshall et al. (2002) suggest that baroclinic eddies (baroclinity) may be an important factor in maintaining stratification.


Ocean Stratification. Lecture slides (powerpoint) Take away ideas: Water & Climate: The ocean extends over 70.8% of the earth's surface. The ocean holds 98% of the 1.4 billion cubic kilometers of water on the planet, divided within three major basins. The high capacity and density of water relative to the atmosphere, and the great amount of ...


Ocean Stratification. It’s not a big stretch to realize that as our Earth warms, our oceans are warming as well. A warming ocean has huge implications for climate change, some of which we’ve already discussed.Another of these implications is ocean stratification, or the


Ocean Stratification. The ocean composes 70.8% of the earth's surface. Sea water fills the basins separating the continents with an average depth of 3795 meters.The transition from the continental to the deep ocean or continental margins extend from the sea shore to around 2500 meters depth, it covers 40.7% of the ocean (29% of Earth surface).


Natural stratification of the ocean column occurs as pictured below. With natural stratification a vertical water column is formed due to the varying densities of the ocean water- will less dense water towards the surface of the ocean and more dense water towards deeper ocean (centerforoceansolutions) The varying dense layers of the water are able to mix through wind upwelling and down-welling.


We could detect no appearance of stratification, each mound having been built at one time and not by successive additions. Burial Mounds of the Northern Sections of the United States ... The atmosphere and the ocean also exhibit stratification, with the warmer air or water occupying the upper layers.

www.des.ucdavis.edu/faculty/Richerson/ESP30/Ocean Systems I.pdf

Stratification tends to separate nutrient rich from light rich waters. Seasonal heat budget and stratification. The picture at right shows how the stratification of the Transitional Biome in the ocean or large temperate lakes (like Tahoe) works. In the Winter evaporation, IR radiation to the cold sky, and conduction

pangea.stanford.edu/courses/EESS146Bweb/Lecture 2.pdf

dissolved gases are fluxed into/out of the ocean. •The depth of the mixed layer is governed by processes that change the stratification: radiative heating/cooling, heat loss and evaporation, and wind-driven turbulence.


Amplifying Feedbacks and a Blow to World Ocean Health. Lastly, the expanding flood of fresh water would result in an increasing stratification of the world ocean system. This stratification would drive warm, salty water toward the ocean bottom and deplete already low oxygen reserves in that region.