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ballotpedia.org/Closed_primary

In 14 states, at least one political party conducts closed primaries for congressional and state-level offices. In 11 of these states, all political parties conduct closed primaries. In the 2016 presidential election cycle, political parties in 27 states utilized closed primaries and/or caucuses as ...

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Closed_primary

Primary elections in the United States are elections in which the candidates for a particular office at federal, state or local level are chosen by registered voters in a particular jurisdiction. This includes the presidential primary, which nominates candidates for the presidential election.After the preliminary primary election, a general election is held to fill the office with one of the ...

www.theclassroom.com/what-states-have-closed-primaries-in...

In U.S. primary elections, registered members of a political party select their party's nominees to run in the general election each November. Some states hold open primaries in which all registered voters may participate, but others have closed primaries, in which only registered party members may participate.

www.ncsl.org/research/elections-and-campaigns/primary-types.aspx

The laws governing state primaries are complex and nuanced to say the least, and state primary laws have been a cause of confusion among voters and election administrators alike.The manner in which party primary elections are conducted varies widely from state to state.

www.investmentwatchblog.com/list-of-closed-primary-states...

There are 21 states that have a mixed primary system, including: Alaska: Parties decide who may vote in their primary election.The Alaska Democratic Party, AlaskaLibertarian Party and Alaskan Independence Party allow any registered voters. The Alaska Republican Party allows only registered Republicans, nonpartisan or undeclared voters.; Arizona: The primary is considered semi-closed.

dos.myflorida.com/.../closed-primary-party-affiliation

Closed Primary / Party Affiliation; Closed Primary Election. Florida is a closed primary election state. Only voters who are registered members of political parties may vote for respective party candidates or nominees for an office in a primary election including a presidential preference primary election.

www.openprimaries.org/primaries_by_state

After being denied a vote in the 2016 presidential primary, independent activist and lawyer Mark Moody filed a lawsuit against the NY Board of Elections on the grounds that the state's closed primary system is unconstitutional.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primary_election

A primary election is the process by which voters, either the general public (open primary) or members of a political party (closed primary), can indicate their preference for a candidate in an upcoming general election or by-election, thus narrowing the field of candidates. Primaries are used in various countries throughout the world.

www.ncsl.org/.../2018-state-primary-election-dates.aspx

State primary dates for 2018 are listed by state and date. Primaries are used by political parties to determine which candidates for legislative seats (in 46 states) and other offices will go on the general election ballot on November 7, 2018.

www.fairvote.org/open_and_closed_primaries

A handful of states even allow voters registered with one party to switch their registration at the polls to vote in another party's primary. In these rare instances, a closed primary can more closely resemble open or semi-closed primaries than the closed primaries of other states.