Interstitial lung disease is another term for pulmonary fibrosis, or “scarring” and “inflammation” of the interstitium (the tissue that surrounds the lung’s air sacs, blood vessels and airways). This scarring makes the lung tissue stiff, which can make breathing difficult. Symptoms include shortness of breath and coughing.
This chapter on interstitial lung disease (ILD) is followed by a chapter on alveolar lung disease (ALD). When the chest radiograph shows a clear pattern of ILD or ALD, one can render a differential diagnosis on the basis of the pattern of parenchymal disease ().A conundrum arises when widespread small opacities are difficult to categorize into one group or the other on chest radiography, or ...
As interstitial lung disease is a restrictive disease, there is difficulty in breathing in enough oxygen. As a result, there is shortness of breath, especially after strenuous work or exercise. As the disease progresses, it becomes hard to breathe even if a person is at rest.
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a specific form of progressive fibrosing interstitial lung disease that can cause pneumonia.; Life expectancy for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is about 2 to 5 years. People who have a lung transplant have a mortality rate of about 50% to 56% after five years, so the prognosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is usually fair to poor.
The interstitial lung disease is usually classified according to its causes. This makes a long list of the types of the interstitial lung disease. To make it easily understandable, below are some of the types of interstitial lung diseases. All types of interstitial lung disease result into thickening or scarring of the interstitium.
Interstitial lung disease symptoms vary depending on the specific type of disease that has someone has. Symptoms are caused by four main types of abnormalities that characterize interstitial lung diseases: 1. Respiratory symptoms, such as shortness of breath. 2. Those caused by chest abnormalities. 3.
How is interstitial lung disease treated? Treatment for ILD is designed to preserve the lung’s ability to function and keep the disease from getting worse. Treatment depends on many factors, including the type of ILD and how severe it is, and includes: Medications can help improve lung function by reducing inflammation and/or fibrosis ...
The prognosis of this disease is poor. The survival of patients with pulmonary fibrosis is less than 5 years. It is best to become involved with an academic center in the area where research on interstitial lung diseases is studied in order to receive the latest treatments. These centers often are linked with a lung transplant program.
Symptoms. The signs and symptoms of interstitial cystitis vary from person to person. If you have interstitial cystitis, your symptoms may also vary over time, periodically flaring in response to common triggers, such as menstruation, sitting for a long time, stress, exercise and sexual activity.
Unfortunately, interstitial lung disease is a terminal condition that does not have any cure. Optimistic predictions say that patients with interstitial lung disease have a life expectancy of two to five years, whereas more conservative accounts tend to stick with less than a year.