Stage IV colon cancer is when the cancer has spread through the lymph nodes and the blood to other parts of the body, such as the lung, liver, ovaries or abdominal wall, according to the National Cancer Institute. Stage IV colon cancer is composed of stage IVA and stage IVB.
There are five major stages of colon cancer: 0, I, II, III and IV. Stages II through IV are also divided into substages that indicate how the cancer has spread within each stage, according to the National Cancer Institute.
Many people do not experience any symptoms when colon cancer is in early stages, according to Mayo Clinic. The presence and severity of symptoms depends on where the cancer is located in the colon. A change in bowel habits or blood in the stool are often warning signs.
Stage 4 colon cancer is a disease that has already spread to another site in the body, notes the Cancer Treatment Centers of America. It is the most advanced stage of the disease.
The survival rate for stage 2 liver cancer is 28 percent, as stated by the American Cancer Society as of January 2015. The survival rate means that 28 percent of people with stage 2 liver cancer will live at least 5 years after their cancer is diagnosed.
The stage 3 designation means colon cancer has spread beyond the colon to the lymph nodes. Within this designation, stage 3A refers to the presence of tumors within the colon wall that involve the lymph nodes and stage 3B refers to tumors that have grown through the colon wall and spread to between
Pain is a rare symptom with colon cancer, especially in the early stages, as EMedicineHealth explains. Abdominal pain due to colon cancer typically only occurs if the cancer causes perforation or blockage of the bowel.
The 5-year lung cancer survival rate is 17.8 percent as of 2015, according to the American Lung Association. The survival rate at the 5-year mark is significantly greater when cancer is found in its beginning stages while it is still localized to the lung area. Still, only around 15 percent of the p
Colon cancer is cancer of the colon, according to Mayo Clinic. Colon cancer is also known as colorectal cancer, which refers to cancers that start in the colon and rectum. The colon is a part of the digestive system also known as the large intestine.
The signs and symptoms of colon cancer include rectal bleeding, diarrhea, constipation and chronic stomach discomfort, according to Mayo Clinic. However, symptoms can vary depending on the extent of the condition. In many cases, individuals with colon cancer do not experience any symptoms of the con