Stage IV kidney cancer is cancer of the kidney that has spread outside the confines of the organ to other areas of the body, according to the American Cancer Society. Treatment options at this stage are dependent on the patient's overall health and how much the cancer has spread.
Surgery, targeted therapy, biologic therapy, chemotherapy and radiation are some of the treatments available for kidney cancer, according to Cancer.Net. The type and stage of the cancer determines which treatment options are most appropriate.
When cancer originates in the kidneys, oncologists classify it as kidney cancer, according to Mayo Clinic. Most children with kidney cancer have a type of cancer known as Wilms’ tumor, while renal cell carcinoma is the most prevalent type of kidney cancer in adults.
In the first stages of kidney cancer, no symptoms may manifest, according to WebMD. As the condition progresses, several symptoms may appear, including appetite loss, persistent pain, an abdominal lump, bloody urine, long-lasting fever, severe tiredness, unexplained weight loss, ankle or leg swellin
Although it is unclear what causes kidney cancer, or renal cell carcinoma, factors such as high blood pressure, inherited and acquired gene mutations, smoking, and obesity can increase an individual's risk for developing kidney cancer, states Mayo Clinic. How these factors lead to cancerous kidney c
It is quite rare for people with kidney cancer to have any early signs and symptoms. However, people who have this condition are likely to develop certain symptoms at a later stage, according to Mayo Clinic. Some of the symptoms associated with the condition include difficulty breathing, blood stain
The most frequent symptoms of kidney cancer include fever that comes and goes, fatigue, unexplained weight loss, chronic back pain under the ribs and urinary blood, according to Mayo Clinic. Because symptoms do not generally present in early stages, contacting a doctor as soon as these occur is vita
Kidney cancer in early stages does not normally cause significant signs or symptoms, according to UCLA Health and American Cancer Society. Kidney cancer may grow very large and cause no pain. Sometimes a small amount of blood may be found in the urine, but there are many causes for this.
Kidney disease ascends in severity from Stage 1 to Stage 5, according to The Renal Association. Kidney function is typically normal in Stage 1, while reducing mildly in function by Stage 2.
According to The Renal Association, a patient is diagnosed with stage 5 kidney disease when kidney function falls to a level below 15 percent. Stage 5 kidney disease is also referred to as end-stage kidney disease because it is the final stage of this health condition.