The treatment options for colon cancer are surgery, chemotherapy and radiation, according to the American Cancer Society. The type of treatment depends on the stage of the cancer.
There are no symptoms during the early stages of colon cancer, according to the American Cancer Society. For this reason, the ACS recommends doctors screen men and women for this disease when they reach age 50. Those with a family history of this cancer begin screenings at an earlier age.
Cologuard is an at-home colon cancer test introduced in 2014, reports WebMD. It is more accurate than the fecal occult blood test historically used for colon cancer screening, but it is not a replacement for a colonoscopy.
The standard treatments for colon cancer are surgery, radiofrequency ablation, cryosurgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and targeted therapy, according to the National Cancer Institute. The therapy used is largely based on the stage of the cancer, which describes how extensively the disease has
Persistent abdominal pain, sometimes associated with gas or cramps, may occur in patients with colon cancer, states Mayo Clinic. In the early stages of the disease, there are often no symptoms. When symptoms occur, they vary depending on the size of the cancer and its location within the large intes
The treatment for stage 4 cancer varies based on the type of cancer and how far the cancer has spread, according to the American Cancer Society. For example, stage 4 colon cancer patients may undergo a partial colectomy, or partial colon removal, and non-small cell lung cancer patients may undergo t
Patients with cancer that has advanced to stage 4 can sometimes experience fatigue, pain or lack of appetite, according to Cancer Council NSW. These symptoms depend in part on what kind of cancer a patient has and on the size and number of the tumors.
Stage III cancer is an active malignancy that has grown large and that may have spread to the lymph nodes but that is not generally present in tissues throughout the body. According to Cancer.Net, some overlap exists between stages II and III, and the determination as to the proper classification of
Each type of cancer is staged differently, but stage 1 typically indicates the tumor is small or the cancer has not spread beyond its site of origin. Staging is a way of describing how severe or extensive a person's cancer is, states the National Cancer Institute.
Stage II cancer means cancer cells have grown to nearby tissues but have yet to spread to lymph nodes and other parts of the body, states the American Society of Clinical Oncology states. Doctors determine staging using the "TNM" classification system for most types of cancer.