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Spina bifida occulta (SBO) is a common malformation of the spine. It occurs during a baby’s development in its mother’s womb, usually in the first month of pregnancy.


Adults who have spina bifida face different problems than do children with spina bifida. These problems, including skin issues and shunt failure issues, are discussed. Because of advances in medical care, more and more people are living with spina bifida (SB) into adulthood. Many patients with SB may have trouble finding healthcare providers ...


Both children and adults with spina bifida, particularly myelomeningocele, may have sleep apnea or other sleep disorders. Assessment for a sleep disorder in those with myelomeningocele helps detect sleep-disordered breathing, such as sleep apnea, which warrants treatment to improve health and quality of life.


Spina bifida is a relatively common birth defect in the U.S. The words literally mean "split spine" in Latin. If a baby has the condition, during development, the neural tube (a group of cells ...


Many young adults with spina bifida have issues that can affect safe driving. A driver rehabilitation evaluation specialist can identify whether modifications to the car would make it accessible for a young adult with spina bifida. Young adults can also learn to find and safely use buses, cabs, and ride-hailing services.


Open spina bifida may cause severe symptoms. Fewer people are familiar with spina bifida occulta, or “closed” spina bifida. Closed spina bifida usually causes no symptoms at all. People may only discover they have the condition after they receive an X-ray or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging scan for a separate problem. The National Institute ...


Spina bifida can cause a wide range of symptoms, including problems with movement, bladder and bowel problems, and problems associated with hydrocephalus (excess fluid on the brain). The severity of the symptoms of spina bifida varies considerably, largely depending on the location of the gap in the spine.


The treatment for spina bifida will be different for each person because symptoms and severity can vary. In some cases, especially in spina bifida occulta, there may not be any treatment needed.


Symptoms of spina bifida occulta are usually mild, the gaps in the vertebrae are minimal and the spinal cord is still well protected. However, some people with spina bifida occulta report having ...


Spina bifida occulta is a physical deformity that occurs as a baby develops in the mother's womb. When the cord becomes tethered, the individual will experience neurological deficits that include weakened lower extremities and bowel and bladder dysfunction. Women with spina bifida will have structural changes to the uterus while those who ...