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Causes. No one knows for sure what causes spina bifida. Scientists think it may be a combination of the environment and family history, or a lack of folic acid (a type of vitamin B) in the mother ...


The treatment for spina bifida will be different for each person because symptoms and severity can vary. In some cases, especially in spina bifida occulta, there may not be any treatment needed.


Spina bifida occulta often doesn't require any treatment at all, but other types of spina bifida do. Surgery before birth. Nerve function in babies with spina bifida can worsen after birth if spina bifida isn't treated. Prenatal surgery for spina bifida (fetal surgery) takes place before the 26th week of pregnancy.


The two main spina bifida treatment options are fetal surgery during pregnancy or surgery on the baby right after birth. Deciding whether prenatal or postnatal spina bifida repair is appropriate is influenced by several considerations, including gestational age, the level of the myelomeningocele lesion on the spine, presence of the Chiari II malformation, and a number of important maternal ...


Spina bifida is a congenital malformation which can lead to problems with mobility and incontinence. Treatment and therapy can improve the outlook. ... causes, and treatment for the most serious ...


No two people with spina bifida are exactly alike. Health issues and treatments for people with spina bifida will be different for each person. Some people have issues that are more severe than other people. Those born with “open” spina bifida usually have more health issues and need more types of treatments.


Spina bifida most commenly occurs in the lower back, but in rare cases, it may be the middle back or neck. Through various statistics, about 1,500 to 2,000 babies out of the 4 million newborns in the U.S. every year have spina bifida. Symptoms. Spina bifida might cause physical and intellectual disabilities.


Spina bifida has been seen to not only occur in one particular way but several ways. These ways have been noted to cause three significant types, and they include: 1. Spina bifida Occulta. This type of spina bifida is also referred to as “Hidden spina bifida.” In this type, it is seen that both the spine and the spinal cord of the baby are ...


Spina bifida can range from mild to severe, depending on the type of defect, size, location and complications. When necessary, early treatment for spina bifida involves surgery — although such treatment doesn't always completely resolve the problem. Types


Spina bifida occulta (SBO) is a common malformation of the spine. It occurs during a baby’s development in its mother’s womb, usually in the first month of pregnancy.