A particle diagram is a visual representation of the particles of a substance, with the particles typically represented as dots. Digital particle diagrams can also show the movement of particles within a particular subst... More »

The tightly packed particles in a solid have little room for movement other than vibration. This rigid particle arrangement gives the solid a definite shape and volume. There is little free space between particles, so th... More »

In a crystalline solid, the particles have a regular and repeating pattern that is also three-dimensional. The repeated pattern of crystalline solids is known as the crystalline lattice. Many of the solids that form in n... More »

A cyclotron is a particle accelerator that uses electrical power to accelerate charged particles in a spiral path. The collision of particles produces certain radioactive isotopes for medicine, industry and scientific re... More »

An atom smasher is a large installation commonly referred to as a particle accelerator. It works by accelerating electrons to a significant fraction of the speed of light and then crashing them into the nuclei of atoms. ... More »

The Large Hadron Collider is the biggest and most powerful particle accelerator in the world. The LHC consists of a ring of superconducting magnets 27 kilometers in length. This ring accelerates beams of protons and ions... More »

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A beta particle is an electron emitted from the nucleus of an atom that has undergone beta decay. The electron is called a beta particle as a way of distinguishing it from the electrons present in the atom's shell. More »