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www.reference.com/science/sodium-potassium-pump-9f419012a1048ccb

The sodium-potassium pump is an essential cellular membrane protein that functions by pumping out three sodium ions and taking in two potassium ions. This mechanism preserves the electrochemical gradient formed from the varying concentrations of sodium and potassium ions within the cell and its exte

www.reference.com/world-view/causes-low-sodium-potassium-levels-bacdfc1ab5a71925

The causes of low sodium levels include drinking too much water; disorders of the heart, liver or kidney; and certain medications such as diuretics, according to the Mayo Clinic. Conditions that cause chronic vomiting can also lead to low potassium levels.

www.reference.com/article/potassium-used-da820938731f0459

Potassium is a mineral used for the treatment and prevention of low potassium levels, according to WebMD. It is also used for treating high blood pressure and preventing stroke.

www.reference.com/article/potassium-d17d284420138265

According to WebMD, potassium aids in prompting the heart to squeeze blood through the body thousands of times a day. Potassium is also helpful in the movement of muscles, the functioning of nerves and filtering of blood through the kidneys.

www.reference.com/article/foods-potassium-3916f17f56fd6e34

Many plant-based foods, including squash, sweet potatoes, beans, broccoli and bananas, are high in potassium. Some animal products, such as pork tenderloin and yogurt, are also good sources of potassium. Adults need to consume about 4,700 mg of potassium per day for optimal health, and many people d

www.reference.com/article/potassium-made-94b4aa4878737f45

Potassium is a natural element; therefore, it isn't made. As a highly reactive metal, virtually no potassium occurs naturally in its elemental state. Instead, most potassium is obtained from mines in the form of potassium chloride or sulfate salts. A small amount of potassium that is used industrial

www.reference.com/article/low-potassium-ba702c0b040a094f

Low potassium, known as hypokalemia, occurs when blood potassium levels drop below the normal range of 3.6 to 5.2 millimoles per liter, according to Mayo Clinic. Potential causes include diarrhea or vomiting, profuse sweating, folic acid deficiency, excessive alcohol consumption, and the use of diur

www.reference.com/world-view/causes-high-potassium-d560232dac6ccc6b

High serum potassium, known as hyperkalemia, can occur when kidneys do not function correctly or when an individual’s diet is abnormally high in potassium. Other causes include the breakdown of red blood cells or muscle tissue, trauma and uncontrolled diabetes, according to WebMD.

www.reference.com/article/sodium-salt-bb8d825814aa08fb

Sodium comprises one half of the compound sodium chloride, better known as common or table salt. Sodium is the 11th element on the periodic table, and takes the form of a silvery soft metal at standard pressure and temperature.

www.reference.com/article/blood-potassium-test-18f749f138a9dc27

A blood potassium test detects the amount of the electrolyte in the blood. The normal range is between 3.6 and 5.2 millimoles per liter, as stated by Healthline. It is used to evaluate kidney, nerve and heart functions.