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history of smart card development and the current and future market analysis. Section three looks into some application areas, their limitations and strengths. This section addresses the future directions of smart card technology giving more emphasis to security consideration and memory management among others. The section also discusses


A smart card, chip card, or integrated circuit card (ICC) is a physical electronic authorization device, used to control access to a resource.It is typically a plastic credit card-sized card with an embedded integrated circuit (IC) chip. Many smart cards include a pattern of metal contacts to electrically connect to the internal chip. Others are contactless, and some are both.


The History of Smart Cards in Healthcare dates back to the 1990s. In 1998, the French health-care system began providing each patient with a small green card. Each patient carries “the carte vitale”. It is a Smart Card, a plastic credit card with a memory chip on it.


These cards store balances on the card so no connectivity to a network is required to complete a transaction. EMV (Europay MasterCard Visa) has been around, in some form since 1993. This is when the three organizations above agreed to technical standards for smart cards to be used as debit and credit cards.


Commercial Applications. Smart cards also provide benefits for a host of business applications in both B2B and B2C environments. The smart card's portability and ability to be updated make it a technology well suited for connecting the virtual and physical worlds, as well as multi-partner card programs.


Smart cards have a long history. The development of smart card technology started in 1970 with the first patent on the smart card concept to billions of integrated smart card chips deployed in the 21st century. And the future holds the Internet of Trust for us (IoT with smart cards)


Smart Card, What Are You? The official definition of smart card is "an integrated circuit card with memory capable of making decisions." It is therefore not a magnetic stripe card, like the typical US credit card, that has a capacity of 300 bytes of non-rewriteable memory and no processing capability.


Two major challenges are projected here pertaining to using medical history as biometrics although the underlying archiving technology in a smart card can be safely assumed available. First is the process of matching and verification of lengthy medical history patterns in the task of authentication.


The Smart Card Alliance is a not-for-profit, multi-industry association working to stimulate the understanding, adoption, use and widespread application of smart card technology. Through specific projects such as education programs, market research, advocacy, industry relations and open forums, the Alliance keeps its members connected to ...


Today the use of smart cards has developed being used in various activities like identification, making phone calls and even for ATM withdrawals. Industries that have successfully utilized Smart Card technology. Various industries have utilized the smart card technology successfully.