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According to Mayo Clinic, there are two types of sleep apnea, obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when muscles in the throat relax, narrowing or closing the airway. When a physical condition, such as heart failure or stroke, causes the brain to cease sendi


Some of the symptoms associated with sleep apnea include snoring loudly, excessive sleepiness during the day, insomnia, difficulty in concentrating, dry throat, headaches in the morning and general body weakness or fatigue during the day. Gender, smoking, old age, heart disorders, weight and race ar


Obstructive sleep apnea, the most common form of the disorder, occurs when the soft tissues at the back of the throat collapse and block the airway during sleep, according to WebMD. The second form, central sleep apnea, occurs when the brain does not signal the muscles to breathe.


WebMD reports that obstructive sleep apnea is commonly and effectively treated with a continuous positive airway pressure machine. Alternative treatments that may help some patients include mandibular advancement devices, weight loss and surgery.


Symptoms of sleep apnea include excessive daytime sleepiness, loud snoring, waking up abruptly, morning headache and waking with a sore throat or dry mouth, reports Mayo Clinic. Other symptoms include difficulty staying asleep, attention problems and episodes of breathing cessation witnessed by a sl


Although only a physician can diagnose sleep apnea, there are online self tests, such as those offered through the American Sleep Apnea Association and the Division of Sleep Medicine at Harvard Medical School as of 2015. These tests help individuals evaluate their symptoms and risk of developing sle


Sleep apnea test scores reflect brain activity, breathing, heart rate, oxygen levels, and arm and leg movements recorded during a sleep study, according to Mayo Clinic. Sleep evaluations are usually performed during an overnight stay in a specialized center, although home testing is also possible in


Untreated sleep apnea causes a wide range of effects on the human body, including cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, depression and headaches. With sleep apnea, the individual stops breathing, sometimes hundreds of times per night, which robs the brain, heart and body of oxygen. Apnea is a serious s


Severe sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder characterized by an inability to breathe normally during sleep, according to WebMD. Sleep apnea can stop breathing repeatedly during sleep, meaning the brain and the body do not get enough oxygen.


The main symptoms of sleep apnea include excessive sleepiness during the day, loud snoring, breathing cessation while asleep, and abruptly waking from sleep short of breath, explains Mayo Clinic. Patients with sleep apnea may also experience morning headaches, concentration difficulties and trouble