Slaves in New England The Passage. The first Enslaved peoples to the North American colonies were brought to Virginia in 1619. The status of these newcomers differed little from that of the white indentured servants who far outnumbered them.
Slavery existed throughout the American colonies and states until the Civil War period. It is well-known that Southern colonies had slaves, but the New England colonies also practiced slavery from the early 17th century.
Slavery in Colonial New England. History remembers the North as an advocate of abolitionism and for its role in the Civil War. Colonial America, however, was a different story. The first slaves arrived in the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam (present day New York City) in 1625, and Massachusetts did not abolish slavery until 1780.
Puritan New England, Virginia, Spanish Florida, and the Carolina colonies engaged in large-scale enslavement of Native Americans, often through the use of Indian proxies to wage war and acquire the slaves. In New England, slave raiding accompanied the Pequot War and King Philip's War, but declined after the latter war ended in 1676.
Forgotten History: How The New England Colonists Embraced The Slave Trade American slavery predates the founding of the United States. Wendy Warren, author of New England Bound, says the early ...
Roughly speaking, slavery in the North can be divided into two regions. New England slaves numbered only about 1,000 in 1708, but that rose to more than 5,000 in 1730 and about 13,000 by 1750. New England also was the center of the slave trade in the colonies, supplying captive Africans to the South and the Caribbean island.
Massachusetts was the first slave-holding colony in New England, though the exact beginning of black slavery in what became Massachusetts cannot be dated exactly. Slavery there is said to have predated the settlement of Massachusetts Bay colony in 1629, and circumstantial evidence gives a date of 1624-1629 for the first slaves.
On Feb. 28, 1638, the slave trade probably began in New England when a ship arrived in Massachusetts Bay from the West Indies. The Salem ship Desire carried enslaved Africans along with the other cargo of cotton and tobacco. After a slow start, the slave trade would take root in New England.
Slavery in New England (CT, ME, MA, NH, RI, VT) New England was a region hostile to slavery. Home to such famed abolitionists as William Lloyd Garrison, Robert Gould Shaw, and Frederick Douglass, New England had an intellectual tradition opposed to bondage. It also did not have an economy based on slavery.
Slavery in the Southern Colonies. Slavery formed a cornerstone of the British Empire in the 18th century. Every colony had slaves, from the southern rice plantations in Charles Town, South Carolina, to the northern wharves of Boston. However, it was in the large agricultural plantations in the South where slavery took hold the strongest.