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Note: Knowledge of the structure and function of bones and aspects of skeletal system generally are essential parts of training in human biology, medicine and associated health sciences. This page is intended to include the detail required for most Basic / First Level Courses in many therapies, and some ITEC Diplomas.


The adult human skeletal system consists of 206 bones, as well as a network of tendons, ligaments and cartilage that connects them. The skeletal system performs vital functions — support ...


7. Skeletal System: Bone Structure and Function For the next two chapters (7 and 9) we will study the skeletal system. Although the major feature of this system is the bones, the skeletal system also consists of cartilage, ligaments, tendons, and other structures that hold the bones together and stabilize them.


The human skeleton is not as sexually dimorphic as that of many other primate species, but subtle differences between sexes in the morphology of the skull, dentition, long bones, and pelvis exist. In general, female skeletal elements tend to be smaller and less robust than corresponding male elements within a given population.


The structure of the skeletal system consists of all the bones of the body and the cartilage, tendons and ligaments that join them together. It is involved in many vital functions of the body, including holding it up and protecting the organs. Without the skeleton, the body would just be a sack of organs held together by skin.


List and describe the functions of the skeletal system Bone, or osseous tissue, is a hard, dense connective tissue that forms most of the adult skeleton, the support structure of the body. In the areas of the skeleton where bones move (for example, the ribcage and joints), cartilage, a semi-rigid form of connective tissue, provides flexibility ...


The skeletal system also provides support and protection for the soft tissue that makes up the rest of the body. Red blood cells form within the bone marrow, which also contains millions of cells, protein fibers and minerals. The skeletal system is what gives human beings the ability to stand upright and move around.


Musculoskeletal System: Normal Structure & Function The skeletal system includes the bones of the skeleton and the cartilages, ligaments, and other connective tissue that stabilize or connect the bones.


Protection of the heart, lungs, and other organs and structures in the chest creates a problem somewhat different from that of the central nervous system. These organs, the function of which involves motion, expansion, and contraction, must have a flexible and elastic protective covering.