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www.reference.com/article/treatment-thyroid-cancer-980e43553fb20525

Thyroid cancer treatments include surgery, radioactive iodine, hormone therapy and chemotherapy, according to the American Cancer Society. Other treatment options include external beam radiation therapy and targeted therapy. Oncologists often recommend a combination of two or more treatment types to

www.reference.com/article/thyroid-cancer-bb8c9b851abe9bcd

Thyroid cancer is cancer that occurs in the butterfly-shaped thyroid gland located just below the Adam's apple at the base of the neck, according to Mayo Clinic. The most common types of thyroid cancer, according to the American Cancer Society, include papillary carcinoma, follicular carcinoma and H

www.reference.com/article/causes-thyroid-cancer-73c3bd877f6d3ac5

The exact cause of thyroid cancer is not known as of 2014, but certain inherited conditions likely contribute, according to the American Cancer Society. Genetic changes or mutations in a person's thyroid typically lead to thyroid cancer.

www.reference.com/article/symptoms-thyroid-cancer-a7dbe78893149b1

Some symptoms of thyroid cancer include difficulty swallowing, a swollen lump on the neck, wheezing and a persistent cough that is not related to the cold. Thyroid cancer affects women three times more than it affects men, notes MedicineNet.

www.reference.com/article/survival-rate-patients-thyroid-cancer-ec4363b86cacf436

As of May 2014, the five-year survival rate for medullary, follicular and papillary thyroid cancers that have not spread past the thyroid is nearly 100 percent, according to Cancer.Net. The survival rate for thyroid cancer that has spread past the lymph nodes is around 98 percent.

www.reference.com/article/thyroid-cancer-primary-result-cancer-spread-1e7dd9901d50b7bf

Thyroid cancer is typically a primary cancer located within the thyroid gland, according to the American Cancer Society. Thyroid cancer can then spread out from the thyroid gland into lymph nodes in the neck, behind the throat and in the upper chest.

www.reference.com/article/thyroid-cancer-prognosis-f7e7232430341065

According to MedicineNet.com, the survival rate and prognosis for thyroid cancer depends on a few variables, including the patient's age, the size of the tumor and whether the cancer has metastasized. Surgery is the most common form of treatment for thyroid cancer that has not spread.

www.reference.com/article/curable-thyroid-cancer-b7170ceea722dbce

Thyroid cancer is usually very treatable, according to the American Thyroid Association. When papillary thyroid cancer is confined to the thyroid in patients under 45 years of age, the prognosis is excellent, with 10-year survival rates of 100 percent.

www.reference.com/article/signs-thyroid-problems-dogs-fc262a354b4357fa

Pets Adviser explains that the symptoms of thyroid problems in dogs vary by the specific type of condition affecting the gland. For instance, thyroid tumors cause symptoms such as coughing and decreased appetite. In comparison, hyperthyroidism, a condition in which malfunctioning thyroids produce ex

www.reference.com/article/hurthle-cell-thyroid-cancer-3337504cf0685288

Hurthle cell cancer is a rare but aggressive type of cancer that affects the thyroid, according to the Mayo Clinic. Treatment usually consists of removing the thyroid gland, but may also include chemotherapy and radiation for cases in which the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.