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www.reference.com/science/sodium-potassium-pump-9f419012a1048ccb

The sodium-potassium pump is an essential cellular membrane protein that functions by pumping out three sodium ions and taking in two potassium ions. This mechanism preserves the electrochemical gradient formed from the varying concentrations of sodium and potassium ions within the cell and its exte

www.reference.com/world-view/causes-low-sodium-potassium-levels-bacdfc1ab5a71925

The causes of low sodium levels include drinking too much water; disorders of the heart, liver or kidney; and certain medications such as diuretics, according to the Mayo Clinic. Conditions that cause chronic vomiting can also lead to low potassium levels.

www.reference.com/world-view/causes-high-potassium-d560232dac6ccc6b

High serum potassium, known as hyperkalemia, can occur when kidneys do not function correctly or when an individual’s diet is abnormally high in potassium. Other causes include the breakdown of red blood cells or muscle tissue, trauma and uncontrolled diabetes, according to WebMD.

www.reference.com/article/potassium-made-94b4aa4878737f45

Potassium is a natural element; therefore, it isn't made. As a highly reactive metal, virtually no potassium occurs naturally in its elemental state. Instead, most potassium is obtained from mines in the form of potassium chloride or sulfate salts. A small amount of potassium that is used industrial

www.reference.com/article/potassium-d17d284420138265

According to WebMD, potassium aids in prompting the heart to squeeze blood through the body thousands of times a day. Potassium is also helpful in the movement of muscles, the functioning of nerves and filtering of blood through the kidneys.

www.reference.com/article/low-potassium-ba702c0b040a094f

Low potassium, known as hypokalemia, occurs when blood potassium levels drop below the normal range of 3.6 to 5.2 millimoles per liter, according to Mayo Clinic. Potential causes include diarrhea or vomiting, profuse sweating, folic acid deficiency, excessive alcohol consumption, and the use of diur

www.reference.com/article/foods-high-potassium-b486857f7d76fe7c

Some foods that are high in potassium are winter squash, beet greens, sweet potatoes, white potatoes and white beans. Yogurt and pork are animal products that are high in potassium.

www.reference.com/article/foods-potassium-3916f17f56fd6e34

Many plant-based foods, including squash, sweet potatoes, beans, broccoli and bananas, are high in potassium. Some animal products, such as pork tenderloin and yogurt, are also good sources of potassium. Adults need to consume about 4,700 mg of potassium per day for optimal health, and many people d

www.reference.com/article/significance-increased-serum-potassium-levels-a706fdc4976494d6

Frequently, increased serum potassium levels are due to mishandling of the blood specimen, according to Mayo Clinic. In cases of true high serum potassium levels, an underlying condition such as kidney disease or a side effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, among other causes, may be t

www.reference.com/article/blood-potassium-test-18f749f138a9dc27

A blood potassium test detects the amount of the electrolyte in the blood. The normal range is between 3.6 and 5.2 millimoles per liter, as stated by Healthline. It is used to evaluate kidney, nerve and heart functions.