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Sodium comprises one half of the compound sodium chloride, better known as common or table salt. Sodium is the 11th element on the periodic table, and takes the form of a silvery soft metal at standard pressure and temperature.


Sodium is classified as a metal. A metal is an element that usually contains between one and three electrons in its outer energy levels. Metals conduct heat and electricity well, can be hammered into sheets, are lustrous and usually exists as solids at room temperature.


In 1807, English chemist Humphry Davy discovered elemental sodium by isolating it from sodium hydroxide through electrolysis. In nature, sodium is never found in elemental form – only in compounds.


At room temperature, potassium is a solid. This alkali metal melts at 146.08 degrees Fahrenheit, or 63.38 degrees Celsius, and boils at 1,398 degrees Fahrenheit, which is 759 degrees Celsius.


Potassium is a solid, silver-white metal that is soft enough to cut with a knife and has a waxy appearance at room temperature. At temperatures above 62.35 degrees Celsius, it melts to form a silver liquid. Due to its high reactivity, potassium is stored in a mineral oil, such as kerosene.


The amount of potassium in yogurt varies. Healthy Eating claims that yogurt has 380 milligrams of potassium per 8-ounce container, or 11 percent of the daily serving, while Huffington Post has the number at 531 milligrams per 8-ounce container.


The electron configuration of potassium is 1s22s22p63s23p64s1, according to the University of Maryland website. Potassium has a total of 19 electrons, but these electrons are arranged in four different energy levels.


Both potassium sorbate and sodium benzoate have been deemed safe for consumption and are not harmful when consumed in small doses. However, there are concerns about the dangers of consuming too much over a prolonged period of time as well as being dangerous to certain people.


The titration reaction between potassium permanganate, the acid in the reaction, and sodium oxalate, the base, is conducted slowly so that the equivalence point of the neutralization reaction can be accurately determined. When the sodium oxalate is added to potassium permanganate, excess acid remain


NaH2PO4 is the chemical formula for sodium phosphate, which is also known as monobasic sodium phosphate and monosodium phosphate. It is a crystalline, water-soluble, white powder. It is used mainly in electroplating and dyeing.